Georgia Genealogy & History Volume No. 2 Issue No. 1 January 2006

North Georgia Copper, Gold and Iron Mines

The Cherokees left behind silver and gold mines in North Georgia. After the treaties and settlement of their lands by whites, some of the silver mines were located. They were everywhere in the hills of North Georgia. Many were disguised and hidden by the Cherokees before they left in 1833-1834. The Nacoochee valley, through the counties of Cherokee, Cobb, Paulding, Haralson and Carroll and into Alabama, there is a region which by 1875 had yielded more than $20,000,000 in gold on the mere surface. All of this land belonged to the Cherokees until 1834. The traders knew of the wealth along the waters of the Tallulah, the Toccoa, the Tugaloo, the Chattooga, the Etowah and the Amicula. In one year, 3,000 people rushed into the eastern end of Cherokee County! By this same date, White County was washed by a recorded weight of over two tons of gold and nuggets were found in the Nacoochee, the old Sixes in Cherokee and some places in Carroll. A Northern company erected dams and pipes in the Nacooghee valley and on Yahooola river before the War Between the States. The hydraulic system became a profitable system in Lumpkin and White counties. "The gold and copper mining interest are brighter than they have been for several years. There is a probability of a large wagon train being put on the road between this point and Carroll copper mines hauling copper in transit for Baltimore and the east." The Marietta Journal June 11, 1875. On October 8, 1875 this newspaper reported that plenty of gold had been found in Dahlonega. This same newspaper reported on November 13, 1877 "A letter from M. O. P. McRoberts to Tom Irwin of Cobb County was received about a rich and valuable gold mine now undergoing development adjoining the famous Kellogg Gold Mine in Cherokee County. Not only was gold, silver and copper mined in North Georgia, but iron was also plentiful. Mr. D. R. Adams of Cobb County discovered an iron mine on his farm, three miles North East of Marietta, which was noted as the richest of any seen. Also, Mr. H. B. Williams, a resident of Moon Station in Cobb County, discovered a copper mine on his farm. The Marietta Journal February 1, 1876.

Research Tips

By Jeannette Holland Austin

All of the Cherokees did not go West. Some of them remained behind on their North Georgia farms. We know this because in 1900, when the Dawes Commission prepared to distribute Oklahoma lands among blood-Indians, it was encumbant upon the families to prove lineages. Therefore, their applications (found at the Federal Archives) explained relationships. Applicants from Georgia named every Indian relative that they could remember or heard tell of. Other Indians, not full-blooded, passed as white persons. White traders who had intermarried with the Indians, usually preferred to stay behind although some of them tried to get the land later. The Indians kept their own sort of records, called "Indian Rolls". Applications for land were denied by the Dawes Commission if they did not locate a person on one of the rolls. The applications in the Court of Claims from 1906 to 1910, which are the Records of the Eastern Cherokee Ancestry, have been abstracted and published as Cherokee by Blood by Jerry Wright Jordan in a number of volumes. You can find them at . It is worth it to purchase the whole set (which is sometimes out of print) because of the necessity in comparing the applications of persons claiming descent from the same ancestors.

New Additions

Native Americans : 1833 Creek Census of Upper and Lowe5 Creek Towns; Cherokees who Remained in Georgia - In 1833, Cherokee families who wished to remain in Georgia took an Oath to the United States. Their names were listed; and 1835 New Echota Residents (Cherokees) - These residents requested the militia to maintain order among the Cherokees in this Cherokee town. Military Records: Georgia Veterans of the Mexican War; Revolutionary War Soldiers Residing in Georgia...Powers of Attorneys & Misc. Records as Evidenced by Deeds and Other documents. Obituaries : 1875-1876, 1879, obituaries from The Marietta Journal, includes Cobb, Cherokee, Paulding Counties.

Marriages : Cobb County 1875-1876, 1879 (from newspapers); Marriage Contracts (1786-1810) as Evidenced by Deeds & Other Documents. Genealogies : Hansell of Cobb County, Rumph of Orangeburg Co., S. C. & Houston County Probate Records : >Cobb County Miscellaneous Estate Records mentioned in the Minutes of the Court from 1869-1873.

Bible Records :Abbott, Anderson-Dutton, Arden, Arnett, Bacon, Bailey-May-Collins, Bale, Beckett, Bledsoe, Brown, Brunt, Christian, Collins, Elkins, Floyd, Lee, Meek, Moore, Noble, Nordan, Nichols, Oliver, Stow-Ferrell, Taylor, Thompson, Tigner, Tilson, Tims, Turk, Trammell.

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…..Jeannette Holland Austin