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Gabriel Holland, Immigrant to Virginia in 1620 (published June 4, 2022)

VIDEO: Gabriel Holland

The Holland genealogy traces back to ca 1400. For more detailed genealogy

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The Holland lineage begins with Sir Thomas de Holande, Earl of Kent and Knight of the Royal Garter, who fought in the wars of France. He was married secretly to Joan Plantagenet, granddaughter of King Edward I. In the absence of Sir Thomas, however, the king married his granddaughter to another knight. When Sir Thomas returned and discovered this marriage, he took the matter to the Pope who was in Avon, France. The Black Plague was ongoing at the time and the Pope was in seclusion. About three years passed before the Pope declared marriage illegal.

Sir Thomas and Joan had about six children, the eldest of whom, John Holland, eventually was next in line for the throne of England. (This was after the death of Sir Thomas and Joan had married Edward, the Black Prince and by him had a son, Richard II). Holland's step-brothers of Richard II were very protective of him and unpopular with the Yorkists, who eventually seized control of the throne of England.
Darlington Hall Sir John Holland, 3rd Duke of Exeter, of Dartlington Hall was gifted the Tower of London by Edward, the Black Prince. His son, Sir Henry Holland 4th Duke of Exeter, was born 27 Jun 1430 in the Tower of London. Sir Henry was married bef 30 July 1447 to Anne Plantagenet, the daughter of Richard, Duke of York, and Ciceley Neville. Henry was pressed into marrying Anne of Yorke, a lady he did not favor, and by her had one daughter. He spent most of his time away from home, fighting wars for the Duke of Lancaster, and was hiding in the Tower of Londono when the Yorkists tricked him into going asea. He was mysteriously drowned at sea between Calais and Dover in Sep 1475. Henry's widow had the king grant all of Sir Henry's worldly goods to their daughter, Anne. Sir Henry's estate in London is known as House overlooking the Thames River. Henry of Bolingbroke stormed the castle and took the throne of England from Richard II. The process included killing off the Holland step-brothers who were in line for the throne. England was no longer ruled by the Plantagenets!
John Holland was chr. on 1/29/1556 at Westminister. St. Margarets, died in October 1628 in London, buried on 10/26/26/1628. John Holland married Mary Mollenax on 3/5/1583/1584 at St. Clement Danes, London. Mary was b. ca 1565 at Wigan, Lancashire, the daughter of John Mollenax, as stated in her marriage document dated 3/5/1583/1584 at St. Clement Danes. Her father was deceased at the date of her marriage. John Holland and Mary Mollenax had fourteen children. Two sons came to Jamestown, Virginia, Richard and Gabriel. Richard was killed by Indians in the massacre of 1622. St. Martin in the Fields The Hollands were from Lancashire, however, by about the year of 1400 were residents of London. Their church was St. George and St. Martin-in-the-Fields, located near St. Paul's Church in downtown London. It is in those churches where the proofs of lineage exist. Gabriel Holland was chr. 2/15/1596 in Westminster, St. Martin-in-the-Fields, London, England, the son of John Holland and Mary Mollenax.
Jamestown Ships Gabriel first sailed to America in the ship "Supply" on 9/18/1620, arriving at Berkeley, Virginia on 2/8/1621, the site of the famous Berkeley's Hundred. Thomas Parker, Mayor of Bristol, gave his certificate for saling, 56 persons, including Gabriel and Richard Holland. Records of the London Company, page 405, CXLIL, "Thomas Parker, Mayor of Bristol, a certificate for sailing on ship "Supply" 9/18/1620. "To Treasurer Counsell & Company of Adventurers and Planters of the City of London for the First Colony in Virginia. This is to certify that in the good ship called the "Supply" this present XVIII day of Sept. 1620, were shipped from our port of Bristol for plantation in Virginia at the charge of Richard Berkeley, George Thorpe, William Tracy and John Smythe under the conduct of the said William Tracy appointed Captain and Governor over them this 56 persons whose names ensue who forthwith proceeded in their voyage accordingly: Gabriel Holland, Richard Holland & c., etc.

Several voyages to and from England are recorded for Gabriel. He was a member of the House of Burgess, and one event listed a trip to London to obtain from Parliament a law that would tax tobacco grown by the colonists, however, King Charles I was refusing to convene Parliament. He was in London at the time of the massacre of the colonists by the Powhatan confederation of Indians (less than 500 persons survived). Gabriel was married about 3 times. The first wife did not survive. About 1624, he married a widow woman, Mary Pinke whose husband William Pinke, alias William Jonas, was killed in the massacre and left her a tract of land. His last wife and the mother of his children was Rebecca. Gabriel was a gentleman yeoman and burgess who traveled back and forth to England between 1620 and 1635. Elected a burgess, an honor bestowed only upon prominent landowners, his travels were doubtless on Virginia business. Gabriel, Richard, William, and Robert, of the same age group, all apparently kin. Sergeant Gabriel Holland was residing at Jamestown on the date of the massacre, 3/22/1622. Boddie states that Gabriel and Richard Holland were killed by the Indians in the massacre at Berkeley Hundred in 1621, citing Rec. of Va. Co., Vol. III, p. 396, however, subsequent records on 2/16/1623 prove that Gabriel was a resident in Virginia at College Land (University of Henrico) on the northside of the James River from the falls down to Henrico, about 14 miles from Richmond. Jamestown Fort William Holland, chr. 3/5/1598 Westminster, St. Martin-in-the-Fields, London.* Minutes of the Council and General Court, James City, Oct. 1628: "It was testified At this Court by William Holland that he thinketh that there was cast overboard of the tobacco was shipped by Mr. Humfrey Rastdell aboard the Anne Fortune for Newfoundland and 200 and he verily thinketh that the rest that wants to balance the Account was Lost in the weight." Minutes of the Council and General Court, 1622-1624: "A Court held the XXVth of October 1624, present Sir Francis Wyatt, Knight and George Sandys, Treasurer, Capt. Roger Smith...Capt. John Martin complaineth yet whereas there were Articles and Covenants drawn between him and Mr. Humphrey Rastell for the Transporting of said Marten, his servants, and other goods unto Virginia. Said Mr. Rastell carried him into New England and there detained 9 weekes to his great hurt Coste and hindrance. To which Mr. Rastell replies yet his Ship beine leake and the synde Contrary he was enforced to go for New England and detained Capt. Martin there no longer, than of necessity he was Constrained to doe, And before his own ship was ready he hired another ship to Cary him to Virginia. William Holland, gent. sworne, Examined sayeth there was a leak spring in said Shipp, whereby they were in great danger and were forced to heave overboard some 40 baskets of bed, which was spoiled by ye leakage."
Robert Holland came to Virginia in 1635 with Gabriel Holland (during one of his return trips from England) on the ship "Assurance".

Richard Holland, a brother of Gabriel, chr. 8/11/1588 Westminster, St. Martin-in-the-Fields, London, came to Virginia in 1620 with Gabriel Holland. Richard was massacred by Indians at Berkeley's Hundred in 1622. The Massacre. The (Indian) Emperor Powhatan was dead; his brother had been displaced by Opencancanough, a powerful, strong-willed Indian. Opencancanough strongly professed his friendship for the English, yet all the while was craftily plotting his strategy to forever drive the invading Europeans from Indian lands. Perhaps the long, drought winter made the idea of an attack propitious. At eight o'clock on the morning of March 12, 1622, Good Friday, the redmen launched their full-scale attack on the peninsula. From Henrico to Hampton Roads (near Richmond to the southern tip of James City Island) the ruthless Indians attacked the poor, white settlers. Some had even arranged to be overnight guests in the settler's households, while others borrowed boats so that the settlers would be cut off from flight by water. Opencancanough's intent was clear - kill all white settlers! Suddenly, without warning, men, women, and children were butchered to death in the fields or at home. Thomas Holland, however, was reported as having been massacred by savages at Capt. Berkeley's plantation, which attack commenced at Falling Creek, some 66 miles from James City. Of more than four thousand settlers who were sent to Virginia during the years 1619 to 1624, less than twelve hundred survived. During the winter of 1622-1623, more than five hundred persons died in an epidemic. Also, vessels arriving from Europe often brought more ill persons than good ones, and periodically introduced new illnesses to the settlements. Chesterfield An Virginia County by Lutz, p. 42 cites: "Chesterfield's recovery from the devastating massacre was slow and it was some years before the area showed any real signs of being more than an outpost on the western fringe of the colony. Henrico and Bermuda Hundred could no longer be called towns and ceased to be a threat to Jamestown's supremacy. Indeed, Henrico in the time of Sir Thomas Smythe's government in 1623-1624 was reported 'quitted' with only a small church and one house remaining... Indian depredations continued in the Chesterfield area in spite of the stern measures taken to punish and eradicate the savages. Four of the men who had escaped death on the College lands and another at Jones Neck were slain by marauding Indians before the first anniversary of the massacre and in 1625 only eighteen homesteaders and three servants were reported in the locality while thirty-six others were seated at Bermuda Hundred. Fortunately, there were some intrepid individuals such as Thomas Baugh, William Harris, Thomas Osborne, Lieutenant Barckley, Thomas Morlett, and Gabriel Holland who refused to be deterred in taking up the abandoned buildings whose laboriously cleared garden plats were an incentive....Morlett and Holland were named burgesses for the area in 1624 by which time a few more hardy individuals had arrived...."
Jamestown reconstructed village Jamestown reconstructed village The death date of Gabriel Holland is unknown, however, his son, John Holland was patented 2500 acres in Nansemond County, Virginia by Governor Yeardley. Today, that part of the country is known as Holland, Virginia.