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The "Trail of Tears" and Fort Hoskins

During 1838 the remnants of the Cherokee Nation were rounded up by Federal Forces and the Georgia Militia and put into military stocks for the eventual removal to reservations in Indian Territory. On May 30th, seventy-nine Cherokee Indians were captured and guarded at Fort Hoskins under the command of Captain Thomas S. Jones. On June 9th 1838 it was reported that 122 captives had been sent directly to Ross Landing. In all, about 7000 U.S. Soldiers and Georgia Militia forced some 15,000 Cherokee Indians into stockades and held them for removal. It is believed that many Cherokees probably died in the stockades.

Indians

The Etowah Discoveries Cherokee Descendants Looking for Cherokee Marriages? The Skirmish of Cow Creek When the Creeks were Removed from Georgia The Cherokee Run Indian Two Runs Tomochichi, Friend of General Oglethorpe The Difficult Meanderings of Native Americans and Fort Hawkins The Creek Agency Reserve Tracing Native Americans The Creek Sellout in Georgia All about Echota Creek Indians Steal Everything... Red Stick Warriors Youngdeer Battle of Shepherd's Plantation Platform Mounds at Helen, Georgia

Cherokees in the Cohutta Mountains

Cohutta Mountains There is a range of mountains in Murray County which were once occupied by the Cherokee Indians; viz: Big Frog Mountain, Fort Mountain and Grassy Mountain. Actually, the recent discovery there by archaeologist Julia Sennette revealed a ceremonial site and several monoliths, quarried into geometrical shapes.

Map of Murray County


Murray County Court House


Fort Mountain

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Collections of Records of Cherokees and Creeks

Trail of Tears Cherokees
  • 1835 Henderson Roll; 1906 Guin Miller Rolls, 1851 Chapman Rolls which include Cass, Chatham, Cherokee, Cobb, DeKalb, Forsyth, Gilmer, Gordon, Gwinnett, Lumpkin, Murray, Union and Walker Counties; 1910 Cherokee Judgment Roll Fund, 1910 Cherokee Roll East of the Mississippi, 1909 Cherokee Enrollees to be strick from the Roll.
  • Cherokee Oaths of 1833; Cherokees Who Took The Oath to Remain Georgia
  • 1835 New Echota Residents (Cherokees) Who Requested a Militia Unit to Keep Order Among the Cherokees
  • General Index to Eastern Cherokee Applications A to K
  • 1835 Forsyth County Census 1832 Supreme Court Case of Samuel A. Worcester, Plaintiff in Error
  • Cherokee Phoenix Newspapers, Echota, 1828
  • Cherokee Genealogies Traced - Alphabetical by Surname
Creeks
  • Creek Census of 1833 - Lower and Upper Creeks
  • McGillivray, Alexander, King of Creek Nation
  • Native Americans Database of Names (various tribes) -
The above collections are available to members of Georgia Pioneers.

Proving that you are of Cherokee Descent

Etowah Mounds For those persons who are disappointed that in the DNA results so far as being kin to Cherokee Indians (or any other tribe), first of all (1) each company takes different samples and (2) it is doubtful that they visited the tribes and acquired samples from the 5 Civilized Tribes. Also, proving lineage is exceedingly difficult. The Creeks started keeping a Roll (of members) in 1818 herokees, when they were removed from Georgia. The Cherokees, centralized in NC, TN and GA appeared on an 1830 Census, however, with "Indian" names. From 1832 on, there are several rolls which can be examined. Further, around 1903, the US Government decided to give title to Oklahoma lands to anyone having at least 1/32nd Cherokee blood and implemented a program called "the Dawes Rolls." To prove blood-kinship, applicant had to submit documentation. There were over 32,000 applications. A very large percentage of these applications were rejected. Applicants had to connect to a Cherokee listed on one of its rolls, not hearsay, or family tales. As far as white people marrying Indians, this practice was frowned upon by European women brought into the colonies. Certain of the Indian traders married Indians in the early days, however, and were not allowed to resided amongst the settlers. When the Indians were driven west, these white men either stayed behind or journeyed west.

The Difficult Meanderings of Native Indians

Benjamin Hawkins Native Americans were frequently having war with other tribes. Some of the smaller tribes (or losers) were swallowed up and lost in identify. They were frequently on the move. Records were not kept of births, deaths, etc. They did not marry white women, but sometimes captured them as slaves. There are a few published journals on the Gutenburg.org website written by slaves. The story told of life among the Indians during the 18th century was that after the capture the tribes were always on the move or having war with other tribes. White families had no chance of retrieving their women. Benjamin Hawkins, a Creek agent in Georgia during its colonization, kept his own journals. Thus, the materials to be examined are those kept by Indian Agents (if one can find such items) who wrote in English and sometimes clarified the English version of an Indian name. These agents were in Charleston, South Carolina and Savannah, Georgia where all of the records survive. I strongly recommend reading the deeds and affidavits (colonial writing) to gain a historical knowledge of the times and discover more information. Interestingly, there are affidavits (given by co-pirates) in Charleston concerniing the capture of the pirate, Captain William Kidd! Samuel Eveleigh of Charleston widely traded with the new Georgia Colony, and there is information to be gathered about his adventures. The wealth of information found in early deeds and minutes of the court provide a bounty of undisclosed iinformation.

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Murray County Genealogy, Wills, Estates, Maps, Marriages

Murray County

Murray County was created from Cherokee County on Dec. 3, 1832 by an Act of the General Assembly. Before that it was occupied by the Cherokee Nation of North Georgia, Alabama, Tennessee, and North Carolina and Chief Vann farmed in this county.

Murray County Records Available to Members of Georgia Pioneers

Images of Murray County Wills 1840-1872

Testators: Adair, Edward ; Anderson, James ;Bailey, William ;Bates, Andrew J. ;Bates, John ;Bates, Julius ;Black, George ;Drummond, Daniel ;Ducket, Martha; Dwight, Samuel ;Fitzpatrick, Jackson ;Gaither, Elizabeth; Gray, Robert ;Hall, Drury ;Harrison, Nathan ;Hawkins, John;Hill, Richard; Humphries, David; Humphreys, Joab ;Jackson, Littlebury ;Johnson, Jason ;Jurkin, Samuel;Killingsworth. Francis; King, Elias ;McClain, William ;McCurdy, Stephen ;McEntire, John ;McGhee, James ;Murray, Samuel ;Neal, Adam ;Neal, Robert ;Parr, Charles ;Patterson, Robert C.; Pickett, James; Ray, William ;Ray, William J. ;Royston, Lewis ;Shelton, Elizabeth ;Sloan, Robert; Stevenson, John ;Stewart, Susan ;Stown, Luke ;Terry, Duncan; Terry, Lewis; Thompson, Benjamin ;Vining, Albert ;Wilkinson, John ;Wilson, Martha J.

Abstracts of Murray County Wills

  • Murray County Wills 1840-1872.
  • Murray County Wills 1872-1922 (abstracts).

Indexes to Probate Records

  • Will Book 1, 1840-1872.
  • Index to Murray County Will Book 2, 1872-1922.
  • Annual Returns, Inventories, Vouchers 1835-1853.
  • Annual Returns, Inventories, Vouchers 1853-60.
  • Annual Returns, Inventories, Vouchers 1859-67.

Maps

  • 1882 Map of Murray County.
  • Map of Spring Place, seat of the US Indian Mission (Cherokee Nation).
  • Map of Murray County District 8.

Marriages

  • Index to Marriages 1834-1849

Miscellaneous

  • Murray County Rangers of 1838.
  • List of Superior Court Judges and Clerks
  • List of Sheriffs
  • List of Tax Collectors and Receivers

Traced Genealogies of Murray County Families

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