The Errors of YesterdayGenealogy Tips by Jeannette Holland Austin
There were errors written in the genealogy books of former days. That is mostly because the old microfilm equipment could not read documents as distinctly as our modern technology of today. I recall the many illegible documents due to fading ink, poor storage and other reasons. The old equipment simply did not cut it! The improved microfilm readers of today such as Scan Pro which employs Windows into its system, read the documents with much more clarity. An good example is Forsyth County, Georgia records. Most of the will books were so faded that they were invisible on the page. A photographer's camera did a better job of scanning than the old microfilm machine. But still, the pages were difficult to read. The Scan Pro machine changed horrible to pages into an improved version. Unfortunately, many old court house records were put in cold-storage and this has always been a complaint of the genealogist. As the technology on our computers continues to improve, reading old documents will just get better! ___________________________________________________________________________ Images of Old Wills and Estates are available on (8 Genealogy Websites - includes records in Alabama, Georgia, Kentucky, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee and Virginia)
The Creek Sell-out in GeorgiaPictured is William McIntosh, the son of a Creek woman and a Scotsman who fought with the Americans during the War of 1812 and was given the rank of General. On February 12, 1825, Chief McIntosh signed a treaty at Indian Springs which resulted in great displeasure of the Creeks when he sold the remaining Creek lands in Georgia. The U. S. Government paid $200,000 to get the land, and Chief McIntosh was after wards killed because of his actions.
IndiansThe Etowah Discoveries Cherokee Descendants Looking for Cherokee Marriages? The Skirmish of Cow Creek When the Creeks were Removed from Georgia The Cherokee Run Indian Two Runs Tomochichi, Friend of General Oglethorpe The Difficult Meanderings of Native Americans and Fort Hawkins The Creek Agency Reserve Tracing Native Americans Creek Indians Steal Everything... Red Stick Warriors Collections of Cherokees and Creeks> Proving that you are of Cherokee Descent The Trail of Tears and Fort Hoskins Cherokees in the Cohutta Mountains Youngdeer Battle of Shepherd's Plantation Platform Mounds at Helen, Georgia
Finding the Way HomeGenealogy Tips by Jeannette Holland Austin
Somewhere there is a road to the old home place. It may be covered over with dirt or cement, but it exists. The past is not completely hidden. We learn that in archaeological digs. As erosion, earthquakes, tornadoes, hurricanes, storms, lava and fire help sweep away former times, we forget. As communities and villages disappear into towns and cities, the world turns. Somehow we think that we are the substance of all civilization. Yet the surface has not been touched so far as discovery is concerned. There still remains the written records which genealogists crave to help explain and complete their own history. Despite the loss of important documents, clues remain. At this moment, genealogists are beginning to share their information over the internet. A recent discovery of my own was that someone had shared a photograph of my great-grandfather over the internet. For years, I searched for this soldier who died during the Civil War. Seems that he was a surgeon who served in an Alabama regiment. Imagine the joy which I experienced in seeing this photograph! Did you realize that people hid important documents behind wooden walls, under floorboards and in wells? An afternoon in the woods near the the old home place might turn up broken tombtones buried in pine needles, or tincans buried in the dirt containing items of interest.
How Calhoun Came into BeingWhen the 1832 Gold Lottery came into play, many people drew, hoping to find gold. The map of this lottery reflects an area of sections 2 and 3. Later, Gordon County was formed and Calhoun, Georgia. The Calhoun family from South Carolina discovered a lucrious gold ores, producing for many years. It was sold in 1879, yet continued to produce during the early 1900s.
The Revolutionary War and Native AmericansDuring the Revolutionary War, the British convinced the tribes in the northern colonies to attack and kill white settlers. The British wore the red uniform; therefore, enemies of that uniform were easily spotted. Some Cherokees warriors, frustrated by losing land to whites, defied the authority of older chiefs and attacked frontier settlements, but were soundly defeated by expeditions of the militia from Virginia, Georgia and the Carolinas. However, in the Northern colonies, the New England Indians volunteered as minutemen for the patriots before the fighting began and joined the Army of George Washington at the siege of Boston, thereafter serving in New York, New Jersey, and Canada. The Mohawk Indians, led by Joseph Brant split the confederacy by fighting for the British troops and were eventually joined by the Cayugas, Onondagas and Senecas. The Presbyterian missionary, Samuel Kirkland, was persuasive in convincing the Oneidas and Tuscaroras to side with the Americans. Ultimately, the American Revolution became a civil war for the Iroquois, as Oneidas clashed with Senecas at the Battle of Oriskany in 1777. Two years later, General John Sullivan burned forty Iroquois towns and crops. I have often wondered about this persuasion of the British having convinced Native Americans to fight. The Scots. But like the Scots, who supported the Stuart kings against England and later fled to America, most of them fought on the side of the British. Especially in Moore County, North Carolina where the Scots had acquired large land grants. The settlers in North Carolina and Georgia knew the identify of those who sided with the British. They lived amongst them. The same drama existed in Savannah and Darien where an under-current of disapproval and resentment which existed in the Georgia politics, especially among Button Gwinnett and the Scottish General Lachlan McIntosh. In the end, Gwinnett challenged McIntosh to a duel, and died three days later. But even though the General had earned many accolades, certain of his family members were listed as traitors. A list of confiscated estates is available to members of Georgia Pioneers. You will find that certain Scottish names were linked with those of Native Americans. That is because of marriages which resulted in the Scots who became tribal. Meanwhile, the Loyalists (on the traitor's list) evacuated into Florida, Nova Scotia and Barbados where some of them owned plantations. There are records kept in Barbados which can be researched. Most Americans have Patriot Ancestors in their Background The Battle of Long Swamp Your Fought Many Battles and you are only Sixteen Years Old The Star Spangled Banner The Failed Expedition of Benedict Arnold Patriots of the Past Every Revolutionary War Pension has a Story Give ":No Quarter" Means "Kill" Great Stories in your Lineage 241 Years Ago Measles during the Revolutionary War Irishman Came a Long Way to be in the Revolutionary War Battle of Rocky Comfort Creek Sons of Liberty in McIntosh County When Events are Measured by Time Shot, Hanged, Frozen
All About New EchotaBefore New Echota was settled the seat of the Cherokee tribe was located at Ustanali on the Coosawattee River which was established ca 1777 by refugees from the Cherokee Lower Towns in northwestern South Carolina after the murder of Old Tassel and other chiefs while on an embassy to the State of Franklin. Little Turkey was elected chief of the Cherokee and the seat of the Cherokee council was removed from Chota to Ustanali. New Echota (named after Choata) was the capital of the Cherokee Nation from 1825 to their forced removal in the 1830s. Today, the site is a State Park and Historic Site which is located North of Calhoun and South of Resaca, Georgia. It is situated at the confluence of the Coosawattee and Conasauga River, a tributary of the Coosa River. The tribal council also began a building program that included construction of a two-story Council House, a Supreme Court, and later the office (printer shop) of the first Indian language and Cherokee newspaper, the Cherokee Phoenix. The editor and printer, Elias Boudinot wrote the newspaper in the Cherokee language. The Cherokee Phoenix. Issues of this newspaper are available at most regional libraries in Georgia on microfilm. After the Congressional passage of the Indian Removal Act in 1832, Georgia included Cherokee territory in its Sixth Land Lottery, allocating Cherokee land to white settlers. The Cherokee Nation had never ceded the land to the state. Over the next six years, the Georgia Guard operated against the Cherokee, evicting them from their properties. By 1834, New Echota was becoming a ghost town. Council meetings were moved to Red Clay, Cherokee Nation (now Tennessee). The United States urged the Cherokee to remove to Indian Territory, in exchange for their lands in Georgia. It has been my experience in researching Cherokee heritages that all Cherokees were not removed from North Georgia. The applications of Indian descendants in Georgia to the Dawes Commission (to be awarded free Oklahoma land) reflect some interesting details. Although only a small portion of these applicants succeeded in proving as much as 1/32nd blood descent, those who did succeed traced themselves to one or more of the Indian Rolls. This is the key. Tribes kept Rolls, beginning about 1818, with the names of natives. The Cherokee Census and other records assist the genealogists. A list of the records available on Georgia Pioneers are listed here
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Gordon County Genealogy, Wills, Estates
Gordon County was created on Feb. 13, 1850 and was formed formed from portions of Cass (later renamed Bartow) and Floyd counties. All lands that would become Gordon County were originally occupied by the Cherokee Indians. Early Settlers: John Armstrong, John Atchison, John Baugh, W. N. Blalock, William J. Campbell, R. A. Donaldson, John Dobbins, T. M. Ellis, H. T. Ferguson, Frank Ford, Mountain Greason, Samuel Hurt, W. S. Johnson, W. B. Jackson, John King, B. R. Mayes, R. L. Norrell, Wiley Roberts, M. G. Scott, John Sloan, John Taylor, and W. T. Wofford.
Gordon County Genealogy Resources Available to Members of Georgia Pioneers
Online Images of Wills 1856 to 1894Testators: Abbott, Elizabeth;Adcox, Wilson;Akin, homas;Armstrong, John H.; Atherton, Ann;Atkinson, John; Bagwell, Mary;Bailey, Amelia;Ballew, Joshua;Barrett, D. B.; Baxter, Benjamin;Bennett, A. L. ;Black, Zachariah;Blalock, W. H.; Bolding, Benjamin; Borders, Andrew;Borders, Randolph;Boston, G. W.;Bowen, Israel;Bradley, John; Burnett, Agness Terrell;Buckner, J. B.; Burch, William W.;Butler, Absalom;Byram, H. C.;Callaghan, Cornelius;Campbell, Joseph;Campfield, Rebecca;Campfield, Sarah;Campbell, W. J.;Cantrell, James A.;Chastain, John ;Daniel, Tilman;Darnell. A. J.; Dillard, William;Dobbins, John;Durham, Lavina;Dye, Margarett E.;Ferguson, John; Fite, Nancy;Fricks, Michael;Gaines, Elizabeth;Ganaway, Thomas;Garlington, Eliza; Gold, Sterling;Grant, Sarah;Grant, Tams;Gravitt, John;Greason, Mountain;Hall, Thomas;Haynes, John ; Hays, Sarah;Henson, Presley;Hood, R. D., Mrs.;Houk, H. B.;Hunt, Ann J.;Hunt, Samuel;Jackson, Edmund Calaway;Jarrett, William;Jennings, James;Johnson, James; King, William;Kinman, Wesley;Mayfield, Alexander;Miller, Ann;Miller, Jesse;Monroe, Joseph;Moss, James;Moss, Nicholas;Murphree, Modama;Nelson, Thomas S.;Niggins, Margaret;Noblet, John;Phillips, James;Pike, I. M.;Printup, Joseph J.;Putnam, Elias; Reeves, James;Rich, William;Robbins, Jeremiah;Roe, S. H.;Scott, Thomas D.;Scott, William;Sexton, Morgan;Sloan, John;Stagg, James;Strickland, Ephraim;Strickland, Sally; Swain, Jesse;Tabe, Abraham;Taylor, John;Thomas, Elizabeth;Thompson, Matthew;Tweedell, N. E. ;Veal, John;Walker, C. L.;Walker, Wells;Walker, William;Watts, Mary;Wilson, Elizabeth;Wilson, Joseph
Indexes to Probate Records
- Estates and Wills, Bk A, 1856-1894.
- Estates and Wills, Bk B, 1894-1931
See how easy it is to view Wills, Estates, Inventories, Returns, Sales online