How Calhoun Came into Being
When the 1832 Gold Lottery came into play, many people drew, hoping to find gold. The map of this lottery reflects an area of sections 2 and 3. Later, Gordon County was formed and Calhoun, Georgia. The Calhoun family from South Carolina discovered a lucrious gold ores, producing for many years. It was sold in 1879, yet continued to produce during the early 1900s.
The Revolutionary War and Native Americans
During the Revolutionary War, the British convinced the tribes in the northern colonies to attack and kill white settlers. The British wore the red uniform; therefore, enemies of that uniform were easily spotted. Some Cherokees warriors, frustrated by losing land to whites, defied the authority of older chiefs and attacked frontier settlements, but were soundly defeated by expeditions of the militia from Virginia, Georgia and the Carolinas.
However, in the Northern colonies, the New England Indians volunteered as minutemen for the patriots before the fighting began and joined the Army of George Washington at the siege of Boston, thereafter serving in New York, New Jersey, and Canada.
The Mohawk Indians, led by Joseph Brant split the confederacy by fighting for the British troops and were eventually joined by the Cayugas, Onondagas and Senecas.
The Presbyterian missionary, Samuel Kirkland, was persuasive in convincing the Oneidas and Tuscaroras to side with the Americans. Ultimately, the American Revolution became a civil war for the Iroquois, as Oneidas clashed with Senecas at the Battle of Oriskany in 1777. Two years later, General John Sullivan burned forty Iroquois towns and crops.
I have often wondered about this persuasion of the British having convinced Native Americans to fight.
The Scots. But like the Scots, who supported the Stuart kings against England and later fled to America, most of them fought on the side of the British. Especially in Moore County, North Carolina where the Scots had acquired large land grants. The settlers in North Carolina and Georgia knew the identify of those who sided with the British. They lived amongst them.
The same drama existed in Savannah and Darien where an under-current of disapproval and resentment which existed in the Georgia politics, especially among Button Gwinnett and the Scottish General Lachlan McIntosh. In the end, Gwinnett challenged McIntosh to a duel, and died three days later. But even though the General had earned many accolades, certain of his family members were listed as traitors.
A list of confiscated estates is available to members of Georgia Pioneers. You will find that certain Scottish names were linked with those of Native Americans. That is because of marriages which resulted in the Scots who became tribal.
Meanwhile, the Loyalists (on the traitor's list) evacuated into Florida, Nova Scotia and Barbados where some of them owned plantations. There are records kept in Barbados which can be researched.
Most Americans have Patriot Ancestors in their Background
The Battle of Long Swamp
Your Fought Many Battles and you are only Sixteen Years Old
The Star Spangled Banner
The Failed Expedition of Benedict Arnold
Patriots of the Past
Every Revolutionary War Pension has a Story
Give ":No Quarter" Means "Kill"
Great Stories in your Lineage 241 Years Ago
Measles during the Revolutionary War
Irishman Came a Long Way to be in the Revolutionary War
Battle of Rocky Comfort Creek
Sons of Liberty in McIntosh County
When Events are Measured by Time
Shot, Hanged, Frozen
All About New Echota
Before New Echota was settled the seat of the Cherokee tribe was located at Ustanali on the Coosawattee River which was established ca 1777 by refugees from the Cherokee Lower Towns in northwestern South Carolina after the murder of Old Tassel and other chiefs while on an embassy to the State of Franklin. Little Turkey was elected chief of the Cherokee and the seat of the Cherokee council was removed from Chota to Ustanali. New Echota (named after Choata) was the capital of the Cherokee Nation from 1825 to their forced removal in the 1830s. Today, the site is a State Park and Historic Site which is located North of Calhoun and South of Resaca, Georgia. It is situated at the confluence of the Coosawattee and Conasauga River, a tributary of the Coosa River. The tribal council also began a building program that included construction of a two-story Council House, a Supreme Court, and later the office (printer shop) of the first Indian language and Cherokee newspaper, the Cherokee Phoenix. The editor and printer, Elias Boudinot wrote the newspaper in the Cherokee language. The Cherokee Phoenix. Issues of this newspaper are available at most regional libraries in Georgia on microfilm. After the Congressional passage of the Indian Removal Act in 1832, Georgia included Cherokee territory in its Sixth Land Lottery, allocating Cherokee land to white settlers. The Cherokee Nation had never ceded the land to the state. Over the next six years, the Georgia Guard operated against the Cherokee, evicting them from their properties. By 1834, New Echota was becoming a ghost town. Council meetings were moved to Red Clay, Cherokee Nation (now Tennessee). The United States urged the Cherokee to remove to Indian Territory, in exchange for their lands in Georgia. It has been my experience in researching Cherokee heritages that all Cherokees were not removed from North Georgia. The applications of Indian descendants in Georgia to the Dawes Commission (to be awarded free Oklahoma land) reflect some interesting details. Although only a small portion of these applicants succeeded in proving as much as 1/32nd blood descent, those who did succeed traced themselves to one or more of the Indian Rolls. This is the key. Tribes kept Rolls, beginning about 1818, with the names of natives. The Cherokee Census and other records assist the genealogists. A list of the records available on Georgia Pioneers are listed here
Find your Ancestors before 1790