Genealogy Records Available to Members of Georgia Pioneers
- Chatham Wills 1781-1824 (abstracts)
- Chatham Misc. Wills (abstracts)
Online Images of Will Book B (1777-1787)Testators: Allman, Philip; Ardis, Mathias; Anderson, John; Baillou, James; Bard, Peter; Ballew, Elizabeth; Bourquin, Henry; Bowen, Samuel; Bowles, John; Brown, John; Bulloch, Archibald; Campbell, John; Cater, John; Christopher, Jacob; Clark, Henry; Cuthbert, George; Darthingan, John; Davies, Edward; Dawson, Mary; Delegal, George; Deveaux, James; Dixon, James; Ewen, Margaret; Ewen, William; Farley, Benjamin; Ferguson, Joshua; Fincher, William; Fox, Ann; Fox, John Sr.; Fox, Joseph; Fox, Richard; Fox, William Sr.; Germain, Priscilla; Gibbons, William; Girardeau, John Bohun; Growley, John; Guion, Richard; Gwinnett, Button; Harbeck, Michael; Harris, Francis Henry; Houstoun, Sir Patrick; Howler, Richard; Janson, James; Jones, Noble; Kieffer, David; Larkin, Edward; Lee, Thomas; Lewis, Francis; Lewis, Oliver; Lloyd, Rebecca; MacFarlane, Susanah; Mackay, James; Martin, John; Matthias, John; Maxwell, James; McLean, Andrew; McIntosh, John; Morgan, Thomas; Mullryne, Charles; Nelson, Malcolm; Nunager, Henry; Otner, Elizabeth; Palmer, George; Papot, James; Parker, Ann; Preston, Henry; Pryce, Charles Jr.; Rabenhorst, Ann Barbara; Rae, John; Raynes, Joseph; Readick, Peter; Remetefler, John Matthias; Remshardt, Johannes; Robe, Frances; Rolfe, Frederick; Ross, William; Rush, Joseph Jr.; Savage, Thomas; Scaf?, Granger; Simmons, John; Simpson, Winifred; Sisfritz, George; Smith, John (in 5 parts); Sommerville, Jane; Steadwick, Alexander; Stirk, John; Stone, Elizabeth; Thompson, William; Threadcraft, George; Tondee, Peter; Turner, Lewis; Walker, Charles; Wells, Andrew Elton; Whelock, Thomas; Wylly, William Young, Isaac Young, William
Online Images of Will Bk C (1788-1791)Testators:Beal, Helena Boldon, Robert Sr.; Bryan, Jonathan; Butler, Elizabeth; Butler, Shem; Clarke, Weston; Clyatt, James; Cohen, Philip Jacob; Copp, John; Davis, William; Densler, Henry; Deveaux, William; Elliott, Thomas; Farley, John; Furse, James; Gable, Abraham; Gaffe, Jane; Galache, James;Gibbons, Sarah; Gibson, Robert; Gugel, John; Hallen, Robert; Harden, William;Harn, Samuel;Harris, Mordica; Herb, Frederick;Krutman, Edward;Mann, John;Miller, Robert;Mills, Thomas;Moore, Aaron;Moore, Catherine;Moore, John;Moss, Sarah; Murdock, David;Neilson, Nicholas;Nunes, Moses;Nungazer, George; Oats, John;Ogden, Solomon;Peay, Job;Penman, John;Porcher, Paul; Ross, Donald;Russell, Jane;Savage, Mary Elliott;Shad, Catherine; Spencer, George;Stiles, Benjamin;Tessier, Stephen;Tuft, S.; Warren, Jeremiah;Wiggins, Edmund
Online Images of Will Bk D (1801-1807)Testators: Beecroft, Samuel;Bolton, Robert;Corker, William;Davans, James;Dickinson, Thomas;Duncel, Barbara;Forbes, Diane;Forsyth, Benjamin;Gardiner, John;Gibbons, William;Glen, John;Green, Richard;Haist, George;Harsten, Joachim;Helbert, Mary; Herson, Herman;Hobbs, John;Horn, Mary Elizabeth;Hunter, William; Jamieson, John;Johnson, Andrew;Johnston, Matthew;Keall, David; Kern, John Peter;Livingston, John;Lovett, Francis;MacLeod, Donald; McAllister, Richard;McCormick, Samuel;Minis, Leah;Moore, Susannah; Morel, John;Mossman, John;Muire, Sarah;Neyle, William;Parker, Anne;Rice, John;Robertson, Andrew;Robertson, James;Sandridge, Daniel;Shick, Frederick;Schumaker, Peter;Storie, John;Tattnall, Josiah Jr.;Tew, P.;Thompson, Jane;Turner, Lewis;Walker, Rachel
Online Images of Will Bk E (1791-1801)Testators:Anderson, Elizabeth; Barnwell, John; Beatty, John;Beck, Sophia;Bell, David;Bell, John;Bell, William; Bourquin, Jane Judith;Brownhill, Thomas;Brisbane, James;Buchanan, Nicholas;Bull, Absalom;Clarke, Jonathan;Crane, Matthew;Currie, John;Davies, Frances;Day, Sarah;Dechenaux, Thomas;Demere, Raymond; DeLuthorson; Devilles, John Anthony; Doder, Samuel;Dumousay, Monsieur;Dunlap, Joseph;Erick, Catherine;Evans, Jonathan;Evans, Martha;Ferrier, John;Floyd, Margaret;Fox, David;Fox, John;Fulford, James Haviland;Gibbons, Hannah;Gibbons, Joseph;Gilbert, William; Gilzean, John;Hanner, Nicholas;Higgins, Ichabod;Jarvis, John; Jones, Henrietta B.;Jones, Lewis;Jordan, William;Keller, George Adam;Kerr, Elizabeth;Loyer, Adrian;Loyd, Thomas;Lowrey, John; Mackay, James;Minis, Abigail;Montaigut, David;Mortimer, William; Mossman, James;Murray, John;Norden, Leon;Nunazer, Mary Appolonia; Oakman, William; Oatt, Barbara; Ogilvie, Charles; Osteen, Thomas; Pendleton, Daniel; Radaguey, Charles; Rae, Robert; Read, James; Richardson, George;Ring, Christopher;Ring, John;Roberts, John; Roberts, John H.;Robison, Jane;Rogers, Augustus;Ross, Hugh; Ruppert, John;Scranton, Daniel;Seymore, Richard;Silsby, Daniel (24 pp.);Simpson, James;Smith, John;Smith, John Carraway;Spalding, James;Stebbins, Francis;Stirk, Samuel;Thompson, William;Trenfield, Mary; Treutlen, Frederick; Valbotton, Moses; Veasy, Abraham; Wallace, William;Wardburger, Jacob (6 pp.); Watts, Joseph; Way, Martha;Wereat, John;Whitfield, Elizabeth;Wilkins, Ann; Witzen, Nicholas;Woodhouse, Robert;Zettler, Nathaniel
Chatham Will Bk F (1801-1807) Digital Images
Testators:Allen, Robert; Bowen, Clover; Chew, Benjamin;Fox, Susannah;Cross, Sarah;Cruvellier, William; Dillon, Christiana, wife of Robert;Elliott, Ralph E.;Glen, John; Green, Richard; Houstoun, Joachim;Jemison, John;Jones, Noble Wimberly;Mackay, Adam;McCredie, Andrew;McIntosh, Lachlan;Macleod, Donald;McCredie, Andrew; McKnight, Mary Ann;Morel, John; Mossman, James; Neyle, William; Rice, John; Spencer, John;Stone, John; Thompson, Jane; Turner, Lewis; Ulmer, Philip; Wilscher, Joseph
Online Images of Will Bk G (1807-1817)Testators: Achord, Lewis;Adams, Nathaniel Sr.; Alder, James;Alendanone, Joseph;Aleion, Ann;Barnard, Mary; Beatty, Eleanor;Becu, Abraham;Beecroft, Elizabeth Ann;Boyd, Charles;Brailsford, Elizabeth, widow of Samuel;Brickell, John; Brooks, Benjamin;Bryan, Joseph;Buckhalter, Joshua;Buire, Francis;Buffett, George;Campbell, George;Campbell, Martha Gadsden; Cochran, Jane;Courvois, John Francis William;Crane, John; Crawford, William;Cummins, Esther;Cuthbert, James;Cuthbert, Lewis G.;Davis, Elizabeth;Davis, Joseph;Dawson, Joseph;DeGrandmont, Jacques Philips Rossignol; Densler, Barbara, daughter of Henry; Densler, Michael;Densler, Michael estate continued;Deakins, William Jr.;Despinfer;Deubele, John;DeVillers, F. D.;Dixon, Joseph;Doon, John;Dotson, Celia;Driscoll, Margaret;Enne, George; Farley, Grace;Farley, Sarah;Feay, Obediah;Ferguson, Mary;Fraser, John L.;Fraser, Mary;Gaddy, Joseph;Germain, Michael;Gibbons, Barack;Gibbons, John;Gibbons, John Barton;Gibson, Robert S.; Ginovely, Mary;Gunn, Christopher;Gunn, James;Habersham, James; Hale, NathanieL; Harlick, John;Harper, Ann;Harris, Jack; Harrison, Edward;Hartsene, Benjamin;Hendley, John U.;Herd, Catherine;Hill, Joseph M.;Hogg, Eunice;Hogg, Thomas;Holmes, Joseph B.;Houstoun, Richard D.;Hugenin, Daniel;Hughes, Owin;Hulse, Justus;Hurd, George;Hutchinson, Elisa;Imfield, Anthony;Irvine, Ann Elizabeth, wife of John;Jaffray, Alexander;Johnston, David;Johnston, James;Johnston, Sarah;Jones, Sarah (Mrs.);Jones, Sarah, widow of Dr. Jones;Kiefer, David;Latour, Peter Grassett; Lecon, Nina, wife of David;Leubin, Jean;Lewden, William;Lewis, Christianna;Lloyd, Edward;Lovett, John;Lucena, Lucas;Maclean, John;McAllister, George;McIntosh, Henry;McKinty, Patrick;McQueen, Ann;McQueen, Elizabeth, wife of Alexander;McLeod, Francis; Mendenhall, Thomas;Millen, John;Miller, Susanna;Miller, Zachariah; Minis,Isaac;Morel, John;Mulcaster, George;Myers, George;Narzarett, Nicholas;Neyle, James;Norton, Elijah;Odingsell, Charles;O'keel, Patrick;Owins, Owen;Page, Joseph;Payart, C. Louis;Pelot, Francis; Pitt, Thomas;Platt, James;Portalis, Joseph;Port, William F.; Proctor, George V.;Read, Jacob;Rigger, Levin;Roney, Daniel; Roper, William;Savery, John;Scott, Charles;Scott, Gavin;Scull, Ann;Shaffer, Balthaser;Shaw, William;Sheftall, Levi;Simons, Saul; Sims, James;Smith, Elizabeth;Smith, Jane;Spencer, William Henry; Starr, John (or Stow);Stebbins, Rebecca;Stebere?, Peter;Stiles, Richard M.;Stuart, Ann;Stutz, Joseph;Tapenzie, John B.; Tattnall, Josiah Jr.;Taylor, Ann;Tebeau, John;Telfair, Edward; Thompson, Lewis B.;Threadcraft, Elizabeth;Tidd, Benjamin; Tiott, Charles;Trusbet, Charles;Tuffs, Jane;Turner, Joseph; Ullam, John;Valloton, Elizabeth;Vernon, Michael;Villeponboux, Jane, widow of Benjamin;Wayne, Richard;Whitefield, George; Whitefield, Joseph;Williams, Jordan;Williams, Thomas F.; Williamson, John C.;Wills, Elijah;Willson, William;Wilson, William;Wilson, Mary M.;Wood, James;Woolf, John;Wright, Sarah, wife of James Wright, baronet;Young, Elizabeth;Young, Margaret
Online Images of Will Bk H (1817-1827)Testators: Ahart, Jacob; Antonio, John; Arnee, Juan Bastista; Ashley, Mary A. F. Augund, Thomas; Baker, Artemus Mitchell; Baldwin, David; Barnard, John; Bass, Samuel; Bellenger, B. B.; Black, William; Blackwell, Sarah; Boguille, Joseph; Bond, Phineas; Bourquin, Benedict; Bourquin, Henry; Bowler, Eliza C.; Branbury, John; Bruce, Aldxander; Bulloch, Mary; Cantrell, Peter; Cessar, Peter; Christie, Ann; Clark, Charity; Clark, James; Clay, Ann; Clone, Jonathan; Collins, William; Cooper, William; Courvois, John Francis William; Cowper, Mary; Crawford, William; Curran, Charles; Davies, Thomas; Dawson, Mary; Dennart, Elizabeth; Douglass, Amos; duhamel, Rene Francis Robert Landon; Dungren, William; Dunn, James; Eppinger, John; Ewing, Robert S.; Favard, Peter; Fell Elizabeth Susannah; Flournoy, Robert; Forrest, James; Fox, Josiah; Fox, William B.; Gardiner, John; Gibbons, Thomas; Gizorme, John Pete; Groves, Peter; Gruber, Rachel M.; Gugal, Mary; Guger, John Christopher; Hall, Ann; Hamilton, Ann; Hamilton, James; Harden, Thomas; Hutson; Harrison, Martin; Hartredge, John E.; Herb, George; Hoschkiss, Mary Ann, consort of Daniel; Houstoun, Ann; Houstoun, Sarah;Howard, Benjamin; Howard, Charles; Howard, Peter; Hunk, Christian F.; Hurst, Harriet; Johnson, Thomas; Johnston, James; Jones, Elizabeth; Jones, Noble Wimberly; Jones, Owen ;Jordan, Henry W., Dr.; Kelly, William; Kieffer, Henry; Kingston, George; Kollock, Henry; Kollock, Lemuel; Lawler, Howard; Lawson, John; Leffer, John; Lehay, Michael; Lewis, Jonathan;Lillibridge, John; Limbert, William; Lincoln, Robert, Dr.; Lloyd, Thomas Edward Long, Michael Loper, Ara Lovett, John; Lucena, Thomas; Martingale, Love; McAllister, Hannah; McCall, Hugh;McClaren, Archibald; McFarlane, Peter; McIntosh, Mary;McKenzie, Daniel W.; McKinney, Roger; McKoy, Henry;McQueen, John; Melrose, Thomas ;Menafee, Serenius; Mendenhall, Thomas; Milledge, John; Miller, Hannah Christiana; Miller, Stephen; Minis, Judith; Mitchell, Esther; Moore, James; Moreau, Peter M. ;Morgan, Anne; Nun, Elizabeth; Nungezer, Georg;e O'Neal, Mary;; Owens, Louisa; Palmer, Charlotte Ann; Patterson, Arthur Pente, Richard J. T.; Pervical, Warren; Polock, Rachel; Pray, John; Rawlin, Anthony Rene; Richards, Hannah Barbara Robbins, Thomas H.; Roma, Francis; Ross, Abner; Roudol, Edm.; Royston, William; Rutherford, Marie Catharine; Sanders, Mary; Sandland, John; Savage, Benjamin; Scaffino, Andrew; Schlosser, Matthias; Shaw, William; Sheftall, Francis; Sheftall, Pula; Skipwith, Charles; Smilley, John; Smith, Elizabeth; Smith, John; Sorey, Andrew; Stark, Ebenezer; Stephens, William; Stevens, Mary; Stevens, Thomas; Stewart, Charles; Stout, George; Stoaf, Isidore; Taliman, Francis; Telfair, Thomas; Thirp, Thomas; Tobler, Ulrich W.; Trucheliet, Joseph; Tufts, Gardner; Turnbull, Nichol; Wakerly, John; Warren, Nestor, Dr.; Watts, Leleah, wife of Robert; White, James; Williams, Bryan; Wilson, Elsey; Wilson, Le;ighton; Worrell, Robert; Wylly, Mary; Young, Christiana
Online Images of Will Bk I (1827-1840)Testators: Autry, Margaret;Bain, Sarah Ann; Bandy, William;Barfield, Josiah;Barnard, John W.;Barnard, William; Bell, Eleanor F.;Bevan, Joseph V.;Bond, Ann;Bourquin, David; Bourquin, Mary;Brooks, Sarah;Brown, George;Brown, Harriet T.; Bryan, Josiah;Clark, Samuel;Cook, Martha;Cunningham, Michael; Davis, Edward;Davies, William;Delegal, Edward;Delamotte, Sarah; Dubesque, Jean Baptiste;Dunn, William;Early, Jane M.;Fisher, Michael;Fowlar, James;Garrar?, Dorcas M.;Green, Stephen C.; Greene, Harmon D.;Hall, Joseph;Harbert, Joseph B.;Harris, Charles; Holmes, Elizabeth;Isaac, Robert;Johnson, James;Kary?, H. M.; Kollock, Mehetabel, widow;Marshall, William;McNiel, Diana, widow of Daniel;McVean, John;Mougin, David;Nichols, Abraham;Norris, Sarah Hill, wife of James B.;Norton, William;Pendergast, Patrick; Penfield, Elizabeth Lucretia;Pidge, David;Pope, William; Ratry, Margaret;Raynes, Mary;Rice, Thomas;Russell, Jane M.; Scott, William C.;Shad, Solomon;Shaffer, Hannah;Sheftall, Esther; Sheftall, Moses;Smith, Frances Sophie;Storm, John (Major); Strother, Abram;Tattnall, Edward;Telfair, Alexander;Telfair, Sarah;Timothy, David;Tippen, James Josiah;Varn, Benjamin; Waring, Jacob;Waters, Sarah;Wells, Andrew;Whitfield, John; Wightman, William;Wilkins, Martha;Wilkins, Pam;Wilson, Benjamin; Wood, Ezekiel
Online Images of Will Book K, 1839-1852Testators: Askew, Ann;Bernard, Timothy;Bryan, P. O.; Buffet, Marianne;Bullock, W. G.;Carter, Charles;Carter, Cyrus; Cherrier, Michael;Cobb, Mary;DeVillers, F. D.;Dotson, William; DuBruney, Alexander T.;Egriel, O. C.;Franklin, W. R.;Gallahan, Martin;Haydon, A. B.;Henry, Jacob;Houstoun, Patrick;Irvine, Eliza; Jenckes, Ebenezer;Jorden, William;Kieffer, Frederick;Melson, Martha Matthews;Miller, Henrietta;Mitchell, Peter;Neyle, S.; Oliver, Charles;Robinson, John;Saunders, Ellenor;Sears, Susanna; Sulfuer, John;Taylor, Henry;Taylor, William;Wagner, John;Wallace, James;Wilkinson, John;Wood, James
Online Images of Will Bk L (1850-1861)Testators: Abbott, Ophelia S.; Abendanone, Grace;Abrahams, orothea;Babliest, Besty, free black;Barnard, Catherine E.;Barry, John;Bartholmess, John;Bartow, Theodosius;Bee, Sarah W.;Berrien, John McPherson;Bolton, Sarah;Bradley, Sarah Jane;Brooks, Sarah L.;Brown, Gilbert J. G.;Bruen, Peter;Burroughs, Benjamin; Campbell, Harriet T.;Cannon, Catherine Mrs.;Cass, John; Cassels, Samuel S. (or Capels); Cavenaugh, Margaret; Charlton, Robert M.;Cleary, James; Collins, Thomas; Cooper, Thomas;Courtner, Susan;Cowper, Mary Anna;Cremin, Cornelius;Cuyler, Ann D.;Cullen, Hugh;Daily, John;Damer, John;Daniel, T. S.;DeLaMeottee, Jacob (translates to DeLaMottee);Densler, Mary M.;Diamond, Robert;Dibble, Samuel P.; Dillon, Margaret;Dorgan, Morty;Dotson, Matthew;Douville, Rebecca, widow;Duffy, Ellen, widow of Terence;Duffy, Patrick;Edwards, Maria;Elliott, Ralph E.;Evans, Sophia;Fairchild, David;Falligant, John G.;Felt, Joseph;Fleetwood, Green;Freind, Jacob;Fulton, Elizabeth;Garl, Francis Haner;Gerkin, Martin;Gibbons, Caroline G.; Gibbons, William;Gilbert, James B.;Giles, William;Glen, George; Gordon, George;Green, Thomas;Grimball, Mary Ann;Guerard, Robert Godin;Guilmartin, John F.;Habersham, Sarah;Habersham, Stephen; Harnon, Abraham;Haupt, Henry;Haupt, John;Healy, Catharine, alias Farley;Heyward, Maria Louisa;Hodgens, Mary;Holland, John; Hover, John;Hunter, John;Hutchison, Robert;James, Margaret; Jewett, Eliza Ann;Johnston, William W.;Jones, Sarah, widow of William;Juhan, Mary;Kane, Daniel;Keller, Paul;Kelly, John J.; Love, James;Mackay, William;MacKenzie, Henry Charles;Marsh, Mulford;Marshall, Andrew;Marshall, Joseph;Martin, Patrick; Mathau, Margaret;Maxwell, Mary, widow;McAllister, Charlotte E.; McDonald, Margaret;McIntire, James;Morel, Ann;Nagle, Nancy; Newfville, Mary;Norton, Ann S., widow;Nosbrand, George; Nuttman, Samuel;O'Donnell, Owen;Oliver, George;O'Reilly, Owens; Owens, George W.;Palin, James;Pendergast, Michael;Pettibone, Sarah;Postell, Jane Eliza, widow;Potter, James;Potter, Thomas; Quantock, William Sr.;Quantock, William;Raiford, Robert; Reed, Charles;Reid, John;Reilly, Elizabeth;Reilly, Julia Ann, widow of Philip;Rhodes, Robert John;Richardson, Cosmo P.; Roberts, Eliza;Robertson, William;Robinson, William;Rode, Henry; Roden, Bernard;Sandergreen, Ann C.;Saseliffe, Abram;Sausey, Joachim R.;Scott, Margaret;Screven, James P.;Scudder,Amos;Shaffer, Jacob;Sharpe, James;Sheftall, Judith;Smets, Alexander Augustus;Snider, Benjamin;Stafford, Mary Ann;Stafford, William G.; Starr, William;Stirk, James Elton;Strous, John H.;Suers, John; Telfair, Margaret;Toley or Foley, Owen;Truehelut, Francis;Turel, John G.;Ulmer, Philip;Wade, William;Wait, George S.;Waldburg, George M.;Walden, Charles Carroll;Wallace, Norman;Wardrobe, Harriett Louisa;Washburn, Joseph;Webb, James F.;Westman, John L.; Willberger, Peter;Williams, Martha Ann, wife of William Thaddeus; Wills, Ashbel;Winkler, Shadrack N.;Woodhopter, Sarah;Wright, William;Wyer, Henry Otis;Zitterouer, Charles
- 1793 Images
- 1798 Images
- Inventories and Estates 1783-1788
- Inventories and Estates 1794-1805
- Wills, Book A, 1775-1801
- Wills, Book B, 1777-1787
- Index to Minute Book A 1782 to 1793
Complete Card Index Files (typed) of All Wills, Estates, etc.in Chatham County for Specific Surnames have been added to Georgia Pioneers This is an excellent resource for locating the many, many estate records and references in Chatham County. All of the index file in the Chatham County Court House has been filmed, from A to Z and is available on this website. This reference is a boom to those researching Chatham County, and should be examined first because it contains so much information, viz: what Country (or other State) they came from, date of birth, date of death, names of other heirs. All of Chatham County records have been preserved and thus are extensive. The old records have been placed in storage in a separate location and to examine them one must order them sent to the court house in advance.
- Savannah Residents of 1738.
- Savannah Town Assistants.
- Savannah Bailiffs Officers.
- Savannah Baptisms 1735-1738.
- Martyn's Map of Savannah.
- Savannah Conservators of the Peace.
- Savannah Town Constables.
- Savannah Malcontents of 1738.
- Savannah Store Keepers.
- Savannah Town Lots, 1745-7,1756.
- Savannah Lots Yamacraw Bluff, 1760.
- 1759 Savannah Wharf Lots, 1759.
Online Indexes to Probate Records
- Wills and Estates, Surnames A to Z (1733 to 1838)
- Superior Court Records for 1804
- Marriages from newspapers 1886-1887
- Savannah River Plantation
- Chatham County
- Origins of Early Residents from Notes of Jeannette Holland Austin
- 1898 City Directory of Savannah
- 1899 City Directory of Savannah
- Wayside Poor Home 1863 to 1864
Online Images of Miscellaneous Court House DocumentsASH, J. H. estate
BROWN. Ann Brown, administratrix of Estate of James Brown, deceased (1799 Letters of Administration
COPP. Letters of Administration of Mary and Dr. James Brown, exrs LWT of John Copp of Savannah
CROP. Inventory of Estate of John Crop (1796)
DELANNOY. Last Will and Testament of John D. Delannoy, 1876.
GRAHAM, John, Esq., Inventory of Slaves (image),Loyalist Claim in Great Britian 1774-1784
GWINNETT, Ann, LWT (1785) (image) of Charleston
McLEAN, John, Transcript of LWT (1775)
NORMENT. Deed of William and Elizabeth Norment to Slaughter Cowling 25 June 1795
SHEFTALL, Levi, LWT (1725), image of original document
Traced Genealogies: Chatham County Families Barnard; Brantley; Butler; Chapeau; Clay; Gibbons; Gwinnett; Habersham; Hall; Harris; Jones; Lillibridge; Pratt; Rem; Richardson; Salter; Selkirk; Sheftall; Vanderplank; Wayne; Young; Zouberbuhler;
The Romance of John WesleyMrs. Wesley of Lincolnshire, England had seven sons who were ministers of the Gospel. When General Oglethorpe visited the family in Epworth to convince the lady to send one of her sons to Georgia, she declared that she regretted that she only had her two youngest sons to give to the cause, the others already engaged. They were clerics of the new religion of Methodism. It was catching on, but still unpopular. On the voyage over, the brothers had compassion for the savages and a strong desire to teach the Gospel to the Creeks in the region. John Wesley settled in Savannah and Charles Wesley in Frederica. Daniel Bonnell was Executed for Robbery Tales of Woe "Light Horse" Harry Lee died at Dungeness The Case of Hog Smith Capt. John Collins of Acworth William Few Peter Gruber and Neighs Forced out of Austria There were Two Margaret Hollands Dr. N. G. Long He Came Over in a Barrel The Heartbreak of George A. Benson of Lawrenceville The Old Woman and Toccoa Falls They Traveled Far in Search of a Home The Enduring Escapades of Thomas Ramsey Major James Hicks Jeremiah Lamar The Flemings of Sunbury Lorenzo Dow Smith Wilson Conner The Sad Tale of Every Cemetery Swedish Soprano If Only I Could Tell My Grandmother the Rest of the Story Grannie Stories told over Chicken Every Sunday Anthony Bonnell Old Dan Tucker
St. Simons.Charles Wesley found it difficult to convince the settlers at Frederica to attend church service. They had never heard of the Methodists, and had no use for the strictness of a religion. As a result, they only allowed him residence inside a tiny hut built of palm leaves where they frequently tested his patience by removing his clothes and toothbrush. Too, there were frequent disputes amongst the colonists and Wesley found himself in the mix. Particularly, when Mrs. Anderson, whose husband owned a apothecary shop, called upon Wesley to chastise her maid, instead of chastising the maid, he tried to convince her to employ patience towards her maid. She exploded in a tirade of anger and revenge. Wesley was surrounded by rowdy opposition against prayer books, communion and the rituals of religion. Certain persons stayed up all night, drinking and disrupted church service by the firing of guns.
Savannah. John Wesley encountered a similar distaste for religion by the bawdy types of Savannah. His plea for a church building went unheeded. In fact, many years passed before the trustees enacted an allowance for a building, and even then its construction was sadly neglected. John Wesley had one ardent admirer, a niece of the Magistrate, Thomas Causton. She was young and impressionable and bore an infatuation for Wesley. He taught her the catechism and took her along when he visited the Creeks.
All was well until the minister fell sick and Sophie went to visit him at his room in Savannah and nursed him for a day or so. During her care of him, Sophie had the impression that John would propose marriage. But Wesley was a poor minister without the means to support a wife. Too, his passion was to convert the savages. When he did not propose, she was so embarrassed that she told her uncle that he had humiliated her by not proposing marriage. Gossip spread. To save face, Sophie rushed back to her mother's home in Charleston. She soon met Thomas Williamson, an unsavory fellow who took advantage where he could. They were married a week or so later. Sophie took Williamson to Ockstead.
The following Sunday, the Williamsons attended church service. To attract the attention of Reverend Wesley, Sophie made a point of introducing her new husband. However, when she went to the altar, Wesley refused to give her communion! He gave the reason that she had not given notice of her intention. The public embarrassment was the last straw. Sophie's humiliation required satisfaction. Thomas Causton visited the minister wherein Wesley explained that it was the rule of the church that when one intended to take communion, they must give prior notice. Sophie was not satisfied. She urged her uncle to file a petition of petty charges against the minister. A long list of complaints from various persons added up to twenty-two charges. The nature of these charges were petty and vindictive and had no legal basis in the court. Nonetheless, Causton used his influence to bring the case and agreed not to be the judge. They had a trial, and a long list of petty charges and the refusal of communion to Mrs. Williamson, was read. Wesley repeated the same careful explanation of church rules he'd made to Causton.
After the first day of the trial, Causton insisted that Wesley make bond, or be jailed. The poor minister had no money, and the judge was sympathetic. Wesley was allowed to return home that evening and return the following day. But fearing that the magistrate would put him in jail the following day, Charles wasted no time in arranging passage to Savannah. As the evening tide rolled out, his destination was Charleston where he would make passage back to Epworth. During the voyage, he wrote a letter to his brother describing his disillusionment in the new colony, and a short while later the unhappy Charles Wesley followed.
What Happened to Sophie.The Wesley brothers were gone from the colony. The Williamsons returned to Ockstead. Thomas and Martha Causton had no children and Sophie was the only heir. Martha died soon thereafter, and the Williamsons were left in charge of the plantation. But Thomas Williamson was lazy and no account. He did nothing to improve agricultural conditions or contribute to its prosperity. After the drowning of Thomas Causton, they had no other recourse except to return to the home of her mother in Charleston. The plantation fell into a state of disrepair and neglect. There is no evidence of the remains of the lovely home which once overlooked Causton's Bluff and Augustine Creek as described by William Stephens.
The Ockstead and Bathurst PlantationsThomas Causton, a calico printer and his wife came over with Oglethorpe on one of his first voyages from London. Beforehand, he was appointed the Magistrate of Savannah and the Storekeeper. Both offices involved official duties, nonetheless, the inexperienced Causton was appointed, and from the beginning, there were multiple complaints concerning his dealings in both occupations. Causton was simply not a trustworthy fellow. As was the tradition of the trustees, he was granted 500 acres of land on a bluff overlooking Augustine Creek west of town, named Causton's Bluff. The intent of the trustees (entrepreneurs) was that the settlers plant Mulberry trees for the purpose of helping the gardeners cultivate the silk work industry in the colony. Although some passengers paid their own passage, the Trustees advanced monies to those who would indenture themselves as servants. The trustees intended to make their profits from the production of silk. Oglethorpe sent several samplers to London, and the silk is said to have been as fine as any produced in China. Thomas Causton called his plantation "Ockstead" and in 1737 built a house which was described in the Journal of William Stephens "handsome, fit for any gentleman!" The 500 seedlings were provided from the filature, and after several years Causton and his wife harvested the first leaves.
His nearest neighbor was Lord Bathhurst, an Englishman of the peerage whose family fortunes came to a close when he assumed the title of baron. His lordship brought his family and servants to Georgia where they'd hoped for a new opportunity. The Bathurst servants did not fare well in the hot climate and were soon overtaken with fevers. They got sick and ran away. More bad luck overtook the family with the death of his wife, and drowning of a daughter in Augustine Creek. The other daughter who might have married well and helped the family, instead ran away and married a sailor. Thomas Causton helped Bathurst several times in his garden, but also gave up on the cause. Bathurst decided to relieve the situation by marrying a wealthy widow in Savannah, but after marrying her, discovered that she had even more debt! A draught followed by a wet season wiped out crops and the settlers were in distressed situations. By 1740, most of the indentured servants sent by the trustees to Savannah ran away to Charleston. Meanwhile, the Ockstead plantation did not fair well under the management of Thomas Causon. Had he added cattle, as others did, perhaps he would have had more success. Instead, he had his hands in lots of different pies. For one, he was charged with not properly dispersing the estates of his neighbors. And then there was the matter of bringing ridiculous charges against the minister, John Wesley. Ultimately, all of his cheating and swindling was caught up with and he determined to make voyage to London and explain the circumstances to the trustees, who would clear his good name. Once in London, Causton waited and waited for his case to be heard by the trustees. Finally, having no good luck with the trustees, , he decided to return to Savannah. On the return voyage, however, the ship struck a sand dune within site of Savannah and sank. Although the captain was able to save some of his cargo, the forty-two year old Thomas Causton drowned. After the funeral, Mr. Williamson, the lazy husband of Causton's only heir, assumed control of the plantation and allowed it to go to ruin, eventually abandoning it. Eudora Plantations Old Fairfield Plantation When Families Left the Plantation Fitzgerald Plantation. How Quickly the Past is Swept Away White Hall Plantation The Plantation Journal of Seaborn Hawks Jarrell Plantation Davis Smith Plantation Meadow Garden, Home of George Walton Berckman Plantation in Augusta
Duel in SavannahIf you are tracing your family history during the colonial years of the colonies, you may wish to consider the possibility that their loyalities to the king carried over into the Revolutionary War, when there were two sides; Patriots and Loyalists. Throughout the Revolutionary War there were known loyalists in the colony, those who sided with the British. On December 29, 1778 Savannah fell to the British forces and the rebel defenders were routed, losing 550 catured or killed. As Patriot forces were swept from the State, a bitter civil war ensued between the Patriots and the Loyalists. Only a year later, during the fall of 1779, the Continental army with help from French forces, attempted to liberate the city from its occupation without success. One of the most valiant Generals in the colony, Lachlan McIntosh came under criticism for his family connections. In 1770 Lachlan was a leader in the independence movement in Georgia and during January of 1775 helped to organize delegates to the Provincial Congress from the Darien District. In January of 1776 he was commissioned as a colonel in the Georgia Militia and raise the First Georgia Regiment of the Georgia Line, which was organized to defend Savannah and help repel a British assault at the Battle of the Rice Boats in the Savannah River. He was promoted to the rank of brigadier general in the Continental Army, charged to defend the southern flank of Georgia from British incurisions from Florida. During 1776 and 1777, McIntosh was embroiled in a bitter political dispute with Button Gwinnett, the Speaker of the Georgia Provisional Congress and a radical Whit leader. The dispute began when McIntosh succeeded Gwinnett as commander of the Georgia Continental Battalion. The two men represented opposing factions in the Patriot cause and Gwinnett was asked to step aside after his election was called into question by opposition within the movement. However, Gwinnett went on to become a delegate to the Continental Congress and signer of the Declaration of Independence. He returned to Georgia after his allies gained control of the Provisional Congress and succeeded in electing him speaker and commander-in-chief of the Committee of Safety. Hence, he began purging the government and military of his political rivals. His target was George McIntosh, the brother of Lachlan. He then ordered General McIntosh into British Florida on a poorly planned military expedition which failed. Gwinnett and McIntosh publicly blamed one another for the failure. Meanwhile, in January of 1777, George McIntosh was placed in irons in the Savannah jail. His brother, Lachlan McIntosh, angrily fought for his release, finally obtaining it for 20,000 pds. George McIntosh was married to a daughter of Sir Patrick Houstoun (loyalist) and previously held positions of honor and trust. In 1766 he was a surveyor appointed by the General Assembly to lay out roads, and in 1776, a member of the Commons House Assembly. During 1777, George became unpopular in political circles when a proposal was made by Governor John Treutlen to unite South Carolina and Georgia. His contemporaries accused him of collaborating with the British during the war and shipping 400 barrels of rice down the St. John's River for use by the enemy. A Midnight Duel A Popular Site for Dueling
The quarrel with Button Gwinnett continued
In May of 1777, Lachlan McIntosh addressed the Georgia Assembly and denounced Gwinnett, calling him a "scoundrel" and "lying rascal." Gwinnett retaliated by sending McIntosh a message demanding an apology or satisfaction. McIntosh refused to apologize and Gwinnett challenged him to a duel. On May 16th, they met in a field owned by James Wright several miles east of Savannah. The men fired their pistols almost simultaneously, and both men were injured, McIntosh in the leg and Gwinnett in the thigh. Three days later Gwinnett died from his wounds. His last will and testament (the first to be filed in Savannah) is found here
The following year McIntosh was sent to command the Western department of the Continental Army at Fort Pitt, Pennsylvania where he planned a failed expedition against Fort Detroit. Afterwards, he was replaced by Colonel Brodhead and returned to the South where he joined General Benjamin Lincoln in Charleston, South Carolina. McIntosh served with distinction throughout the war, but rumors were passed that his brother George was rendering aid to the enemy by running supplies to the British. George McIntosh died in 1779 during the siege of Savannah by the British. His estates were confiscated. Lachlan, his brother, desperately fought to recover the estates and titles, but was only successful in having some personal effects sent to his plantation on Sapelo Island. Lachlan, arrested himself by the British during combat at Charleston in 1780, returned home to find the effects and papers of his brother, George, scattered about in unlocked trunks. Land grants and deeds had been placed in a small portmanteau trunk by the wife of George, and these were the only valuable assets retained by the family. Source: McIntosh Genealogy by Jeannette Holland Austin.
Old Fairfield Plantation
Fairfield Plantation was the home of Congressman John Floyd, born 3 October 1769 on Hilton Head Island, South Carolina, and died on his plantation in Camden County on 24 June 1839. The plantation is located in Camden County at Fairfield Point, near Bellvue and Hermitage Plantations. All of these plantations are on private property. It is located midway up the coast of Camden County. North of Pine Barrens and Bellevue and East of Hermitage Plantations. Floyd's Neck. The Floyd Family Cemetery is located about a quarter of a mile from the site of the former Fairfield Plantation House.
Names of Families in Chatham County Wills, Estates, Inventories, Annual Returns, ProbateThe Site of Savannah was established and drawn out by General James Oglethorpe. This is the seat of the first English settlement in Georgia. 114 persons came with Oglethorpe on his first voyage and erected huts with saw-palm roofs. Within a year, over one hundred wooden homes were constructed, while vessels transported more settlers. Several parishes governed the area, viz: Christ Church, St. Andrews, and St. Marys. After the Revolutionary War, the parishes were dispensed with as boundaries and counties established. Chatham was named for William Lord Pitt, Earl of Chatham. Many prominent citizens emerged from the first settlers into the settled gentry and poltical figures. During the American Revolution, Loyalists marked as traitors escaped into Florida and to Bermuda where they established plantations. If you have lost someone from this period, that is where to search!
Earliest Settlers: Charles Alexander, Michael Bottomley, Jonathan Clark, Raymond Demere, Thomas Dawson, William Gilbert, John Houstoun, William Jordan, Alexander Lesley, David Montaigut, William Mortimer, John Mackay, Charles Ogilvie, Daniel Pendleton, Augustus Rogers, Richard Seymore, Nicholas Witzen, and Nathaniel Zettler.
The Unfortunate End to Button GwinnettButton Gwinnett was born in England in 1732 of respectable parents. Before embarking for America in 1770, his first career was in the mercantile business in Bristol. He landed at Charleston, S. C., where he commenced commercial business and remained for two years. He then disposed of his merchandise and purchased a plantation upon the island of St. Catharine in Georgia, to which he removed and became an enterprising agriculturalist. He was a man of an active and penetrating mind, and a close observer of passing events. Having been in England during the formation of the visionary and impolitic plan of taxing the colonies, he understood well the frame work of the British cabinet, and from his course in the struggle that ensued, it is reasonable to infer that he had imbibed strong whig principles before his removal to this country. He became a friend of Lyman Hall, a bold and fearless advocate of equal rights. On the 2nd of February, 1776, Mr. Gwinnett was appointed a member of the Continental Congress and took his seat in that venerable body on the 20th of the ensuing May. When the proposition of separating from England came before Congress, Mr. Gwinnett was a warm advocate of the measure, and when the trying hour arrived, he gave his approving vote and affixed his signature to the Declaration of Independence despite the consequences. In February, 1777, Mr. Gwinnett took his seat in the convention of his own state which convened for the purpose of forming a constitution and establishing a republican form of government. His activity in Congress, to which he stood re-elected, had already given him great weight, and he at once exercised a powerful influence in his new situation. He submitted the draft of a constitution which, with a few slight amendments, was immediately adopted by the convention. Shortly after this he was elevated to the presidency of the provincial council which was at that time the highest station in the State. Also expecting to be elected to this grand position was General Lachlan MacIntosh, against whom Mr. Gwinnett had pitted himself the preceding year as a candidate for brigadier-general, and was unsuccessful. The appointment went to MacIntosh and a power struggle ensued. The civil power claimed the right to try military officers for offences that General MacIntosh conceived were to be tried only by a court-martial. Another root of bitterness between these two gentlemen took its growth from the promotion of a senior lieutenant-colonel, then under General MacIntosh, to the command of his brigade, destined for the reduction of East Florida, agreeably to a plan formed by Mr. Gwinnett, which proved a disastrous failure. This was a source of mortification to the one, and the other publicly exulted in the misfortune. Under the new constitution a governor was to be elected on the first Monday of the ensuing May, and Mr. Gwinnett offered himself as a candidate. His competitor was a man whose talents and acquirements were far inferior to his, but succeeded in obtaining the gubernatorial chair. General MacIntosh again publicly exulted in the disappointments that were overwhelming his antagonist. The result was that Gwinnett challenged the General to a due on the streets of Savannah. They drew their guns at the distance of four paces. Both were but Mr. Gwinnett went home where he on the 27th of May, 1777, the very time he should have been in Congress. Thus, the Last Will and Testament of Button Gwinnett was the first document to be filed for probate in Savannah (Chatham County). A clear image is available to members of Georgia Pioneers
Court House Records Gone to Storage in Chatham County (Georgia) ...The oldest surviving records in Georgia are in Savannah. But there is one draw-back. They are off site, in cold storage. If you plan a visit, take into consideration that you must go in person and place an order for the records to be delivered to you at the court house. The time delay is 3 days. To make it easier, Georgia Pioneers has digitized and indexed all of the old wills and estates and they are online. The average size of the first wills is fifty pages. Yes! These early settlers spent a lifetime of building plantations which became communities. The process demanded that detailed records and inventories be maintained of every nail, plank board, promissory notes, deeds, plats, etc. The reading of the old wills is truly a unique experience and insight into the names of family members residing in the colonies and their relationships abroad. The result for the researcher also promises historical facts and truths unknown to the academic world. It is all quite rewarding!
Tomochichi, Loyal Friend to Oglethorpe
When James Oglethorpe found his way into the region now known as Savannah (from South Carolina), he was fortunate to meet up with a friendly group of Indians. Chief Tomochichi befriended the new colonists and took a personal liking to Oglethorpe. He gave Mary Musgrove who had been educated in South Carolina to speak the English language as an interpreter. Throughout the chief's life, they were friends and when he died he asked to be buried in Savannah. Some notes and newspaper accounts found at the Savannah Historical Society report that the Yamacraw chief was buried at Wright's Square. Originally, there was some symbolism placed on the spot which apparently was lost until the 1880s when it was proposed to place a monument of General Gordon there. Some of the local people remembered that the chief was buried in that square and objected. Thus, an archeological digging was commenced. A few arrows and other burial objects proved it to be the chief's burying place. At that time, a memorial stone was put in place for the chief.
IndiansThe Etowah Discoveries Cherokee Descendants Looking for Cherokee Marriages? The Skirmish of Cow Creek When the Creeks were Removed from Georgia The Cherokee Run Indian Two Runs The Difficult Meanderings of Native Americans and Fort Hawkins The Creek Agency Reserve Tracing Native Americans The Creek Sellout in Georgia All about Echota Creek Indians Steal Everything... Red Stick Warriors Collections of Cherokees and Creeks> Proving that you are of Cherokee Descent The Trail of Tears and Fort Hoskins Cherokees in the Cohutta Mountains Youngdeer Battle of Shepherd's Plantation Platform Mounds at Helen, Georgia
Prisoners of the Revolutionary War
How Tax Records Help the GenealogistThe tax digests in any given county in the State of Georgia provides essential data to the researcher as it lists all of the parcels of land which the person owned and in what counties. In Georgia, one can easily define the acquisition of properties from lotteries and the approximate date simply by noting the amount of acreage in the tax record. For example, the 1805 and 1807 land lotteries offered 202-1/2 acres in Baldwin and Wilkinson Counties; and 490 acres in Wayne County (1805). During 1820: Appling (490), Early (250); Gwinnett (250); Habersham (250) (490); Hall (250); Irwin (490); Rabun (490)(250) and Walton (250). The 1827 Land Lottery gave 202-1/2 acres in Carroll, Coweta, Lee, Muscogee and Troup. The 1832 lottery consisted of 202-1/2 acres in Cass (now Bartow), Cherokee, Cobb, Floyd, Forsyth, Gilmer, Lumpkin, Murray, Paulding and Union Counties. These are all Indian lands belonging to the Creeks and Cherokees. There was also a lottery encompassing North Georgia lands formerly owned by the Cherokees where people drew for 40-acre gold lots and one can assume the occupation was "gold miner". The best route to information is to first search the lottery records, then the tax digests in specific counties. In many instances, the names of waterways and creeks are provided, also the type of timber on the land, and the name of the adjoining landowner (if there was one). The digests were not indexed and are listed by districts. It is a good idea to search through the time period during which the families resided in that county. In the back of each book is a section of "Defaulters". That is important in discerning whether the family had moved on, or died. A good rule of thumb is that any person listed as a defaulter who was 60+ years of age, probably died in that county. A thorough study of the tax digests becomes essential especially if no other books survived for that county. This is where the tracts of land of each person having the same surname should be compared from one year to the next. For example, John Smith was listed for a number of years. Then, there was an administrator beside his name. (This is the approximate date of his death). Then, following through the years, another persons with the same surname has that exact acreage added to his accounting. This would be an heir, probably the oldest son. A good practice is to make copies of the digest for later comparisons between probable heirs, neighbors and friends. John Smith may appear many times, but how do you know if he is the same John Smith? The answer is to always take notes of the neighbors. Everyone listed in the same district are friends and relatives. It is the community as well as the history of the times!
Thomas Jones of WalesSite of First Burials in Savannah. Graves later moved elsewhere THOMAS JONES of Wales, formerly of London, a Clothworker, was a passenger on one of the trips of James Edward Oglethorpe to the Colony. He arrived on St. Simon's Island, Monday, September 18, 1738, and was immediately appointed Advocate of the Regiment, being asked by General Oglethorpe to inspect the store accounts at Savannah and to adjust the accounts of Thomas Causton. For this reason he became known as a hot and passionate man, and was generally complained about by the other citizens. In May of 1739, he was appointed Storekeeper for the whole province and was paid an annual earnings of 30 pds. However, he soon quarrelled with Robert Williams which resulted in a fist fight, but their differences were later settled. In June he was appointed the Overseer of the Trust Servants in the Northern Division of the Province of Savannah. These were the indentured servants to the crown, who could not be freed until their service as indentures expired. After this they were freed and usually granted 25 acres of land by the Crown. In the Journal of the Earl of Egmont dated October 10, 1739, Thomas Jones was described: "That Mr. Jones is so utterly rash, passionate and cruel, that twas to be feared he would drive the Colony away by Spring. That he declared he valued not the Trustees orders, but would obey those of Colonel Oglethorpe." This type of temperament was not unusual for the new colonists, given their frustrations and hardships. In 1740, twenty-five of the Trustees servants were employed by Thomas Jones on a new plantation located one mile south of Savannah, but the effort only produced 100 bushels of corn. A complaint was made by Mary Townsend to the Palace Court that Mr. Jones had a store and supplied shops with goods at wholesale prices, but otherwise sold them retail. However, the crown continued to appoint Thomas Jones to certain offices and duties. For one, he was made the third bailiff of Savannah and quickly became known as a man of resolution who was disliked by many. June 1, 1741, he was appointed one of the four assistants to Secretary William Stephens, Esquire, in the Town of Savannah, with John Pye elected as Clerk. However, was beset by John Pye who investigated grievances of the people, and began charging Thomas Jones with malpractice of the public accounts. Yet in a letter from Harman Verelst to Thomas Jones, dated at Westminster, December 14, 1741, Jones was complimented for his good work and accounting methods. "The Trustees are very well pleased with the exactness of the accounts you sent them by Captain (William) Thomson, and are well satisfied in your capacity to serve them." Finally, in February of 1771, Thomas Jones was granted 100 acres of land in St. Mathews Parish (Effingham County). He died in Savannah on June 5, 1810. His wife, Eliza, died at Savannah in 1817, her LWT dated 1/17/1817, Will Book F. In her Will, she named her mother, Mrs. Jane Rea, and the children of her husband: Jane Mary Jones and Martha Cowles Jones. The Chatham County Wills and Estates are available to members of Georgia Pioneers.
FIRST WILL IN GEORGIA! The Last Will and Testament of Button Gwinnett is digitized and available to members of Georgia Pioneers
The Savannah; Transatlantic SteamerA French report on American steam vessels published in 1823 as well as Russian newspaper accounts contemporary with the steamship Savannah upon its historic voyage to St. in 1819, described a rigged scale model purported to be of the pioneer transatlantic steamer Savannah. For many years this model was generally accepted as being a reasonably accurate representation and was the basis for countless illustrations but it does not agree with the published catalog description as to the side paddle wheels nor does it agree with the material in the Marestier report, which is accepted as the only source for a contemporary picture of the Savannah. Consequently, the National Museum undertook the research necessary to correct or replace the existing model with the help of Frank O. Braynard of the American Merchant Marine Institute, Eugene S. Ferguson, curator of mechanical and civil engineering at the Museum, and others. The Savannah crossed from Savannah, Georgia to Liverpool, England from May 22 to June 20, 1819; and proceeded to the Baltic, where she entered at St. Petersburg (now Leningrad), Stockholm, and a few other ports. Upon her return she reached Savannah, Georgia on November 30, and then on December 3 she sailed for Washington, D.C., arriving on December 16. Her original logbook on exhibition in the Museum covers the period between March 28, 1819, when she first left New York for Savannah, to December 1819 when she was at Washington. The United States National Museum's new model of the Savannah (pictured) was built by Arthur Henning, Inc., of New York City, from the ship's plans as reconstructed by staff members of the Museum's division of transportation. Source: The Pioneer Steamship SAVANNAH: A Study for a Scale Model by Howard I. Chapelle