The original manor house (now Barnsley Resort) was built in the style of an Italian villa by Andrew Jackson Downing. Before it was completed, the wie of Godfrey Barnsley fell ill and died. Barnsley suspended its construction but resumed it later when he said that he felt her presence at the site telling him to finish the house for him and his children. During the War Between the States, the mansion was the site of a battle, and much of the house and Barnsley's possessions were ransacked by the Union Army. Barnsley lost his fortune during the Civil War and later moved to New Orleans where he died in 1873. His descendants continued to live at Woodlands until the roof of the main house was blown off by a tornado in 1906. Barnsley's granddaughter, Miss Addie, and her family who were living there at the time, moved into the kitchen wing and the main house was never restored, and eventually fell to ruins. In 1988 Prince Hubertus Fugger purchased the estate and began a major project to stabilize the ruins and rescue and restore the gardens.
The Etowah DiscoveriesThe archaeological site of the Etowah Mounds is one of the largest of its kind discovered in North America thus far. I say "thus far" because of the western discoveries in Illinois near Mississippi River which has revealed extensive mounds. Indian mounds have been regarded as "burial sites", however, excavations into the mounds reveal tall buildings and temples. It appears that the main town fortress was elevated, looking down upon the village. The Etowah Mounds are measured bo be more than 300 square feet at the base and rises to a height of slightly more than 60 feet. The site includes 54 acres on the Etowah River and is located about three miles south of Cartersville. The most noticeble aspects of it are three largely visible earthen mounds, although there are more. The temple mound, is more than 300 square feet at the base and rises to a height of slightly more than 60 feet. The Etowah mounds are situated along the sides of two rectangular plazas. The mounds are shaped in the form of four-sided, flat-topped pyramids and appears to have originally served as platforms. The platform is common to other sites, also, suggesting an area of public affairs. The public buildings have rotted away, year for more than 100 years, artifacts were unearthed here. A number of archaeologists date this settlement back 300 years. The question arises, when the various Indian tribes were driven west, were the Americans aware of such expansive villages? Genealogists and historians have a number of maps which locate Indian villages, but do we realize how much culture was lost? For researchers, there is a need to discover old writings and records of the past, and how do we but what many relics are yet to be found?
How Tracing Ancestors is Good for the BrainDo crossword puzzles, they say, for memory enhancement. But do we want to do a better job of helping memory last so that we can speak easily with friends and relatives. All because we recall dates and places? Memory enhancement works for the genealogist 24/7 because, there is a wake-up call (even in the middle of the night) which asks: "There was Thomas Franklin in 1850? He was not on the census....where can I find him? Then, having the puzzle, the brain goes to work digging deep into its mystical storage to find an answer, or another place to search. The brain stores visual and vocal information inside the complex network of the mind. The process may be too complicated to understand, but the information is there. Somewhere in that vast store house is a word of truth from Aunt Mary. It may be just one tiny pronouncement, but you can piece the scenario together from those fleeting words. "Your uncle Harry left home when he was 18 years of age and went to Alabama." "When was that, aunt Mary""I think 1814." Ok. You have the approximate year of uncle Harry's birth, and the fact that his travels would have been through Indian territory. He may have gotten a passport from the governor or fought in the Indian Wars of 1812 to 1816. These thoughts will led to answers and places to search. The real key of unlocking memories is to trace family histories and to write down names and places. Then go about the search through specific records. The experience will enliven and stimulate conversation amongst friends and relatives. And, they will also get an accurate and fulfilling dose of history!
The Western and Atlantic Railroad
After the economic depression of 1837, railroads began to be constructed across the roads of Georgia. Because of this wise decision, the Western and Atlantic Railroad played a major role in the transporting of troops and supplies during the War Between the States. Also, while General Sherman was en route to burn Atlanta, people were scurrying about to depart. The railroad saved the lives of those who refuged out of Georgia to Big Shanty, now Kennesaw, and South to Lovejoy. During the Reconstruction period of the South, railroad beds continued to be laid in Georgia.
The True Identity of the Cherokee IndiansThere has been much speculation on the origin of the Cherokee Indians in Georgia and Tennessee. A widely accepted book "James Adair: His Life and History." published by University of Alabama Press (2005) states that James Adair (1709 to 1775) is widely believed to have been born in County Antrim, Ireland, in 1709, although no evidence to support the contention exists. My own studies of the Adair families in America corroborate this data. As a matter of fact, I have traced back to Robert Adair b. ca 1360 at Galloway, Scotland, Sheriff in 1426 m. Arabella Campbell, a dau. of the most noble house in Scotland, the house of Argyle. This genealogy is available to members of Georgia Pioneers The Georgia branch of the family immigrated from County Antrim, Ireland and arrived in Pennsylvania during the early 1700s. From there, they joined other Irish families in Berk and Bucks County before following the trail to Laurens County, South Carolina. The final destination was North Georgia. James Adair was an Indian Trader, trading with the Catawbas, Cherokees and Chickasaws. While Georgia mostly entertained the tribes of Upper and Lower Creeks governed by the Creek Agent Hawkins near Macon, Georgia, the Cherokees settled in the North Georgia Counties of Lumpkin, Paulding, Gilmer, Forsyth, Cherokee, Murray, Union and Walker Counties. The following Cherokee Rolls are available on Georgia Pioneers: 1835 Henderson Roll; Cherokee Oaths of 1833; Cherokees who Took the Oath to Remain Georgia; 1835 New Echota Residents who Requested a Militia Unit to Keep Order Among the Cherokees; 1909 Cherokee Enrollees to be Stricken from the Roll; 1910 Cherokee Roll East of the Mississippi; and General Index to Eastern Cherokee Applications; 1920 Cherokee Judgment Roll Fund. About 1903 the Federal Government, wanting to distribute lands in Oklahoma to persons who were at least 1/32nd Cherokee blood, invited applicants to prove their lineages. [ Index to The Final Rolls: of Citizens and Freedmen of the Civilized Tribes in Indian Territory. U.S. Department of the Interior. ISBN 978-1544859316. (Dawes Roles) The Final Rolls: of Citizens and Freedmen of the Five Civilized Tribes in Indian Territory ] Some 32,000 applications were received and casually referred to as the Dawes Rolls. I personally read many of the applications to determine Georgia ancestry to those who had been sent west. The ancestor of the applicant had to be listed on one of the earlier Rolls. Very few were able to prove Cherokee blood. The reason is that they provided family legends instead of proofs. Sound familiar? All too often people believe that they have Cherokee blood. Since Oglethorpe settled Georgia, there were some white men in South Carolina who traded with Indians. These traders came as far south as the Creek Indian post run by Benjamin Hawkins near Macon. His writings list the names of the white Indian traders. [ Benjamin Hawkins, The Collected Works of Benjamin Hawkins, 1796-1810 ] In 1833, one of my ancestors, Archibald Holland, purchased some land in Paulding County and settled his family on Pumpkinvine Creek near a family of Cherokees. The Cherokees in North Georgia were farmers, industrious and hard-working. They also mined for silver in the area. When the families departed, they hid the silver and according to an old newspaper account, returned about 1914 (with maps) to fetch it. While tracing genealogies in Georgia and the North Carolinas, there is one thing for certain. White men were not allowed to marry Indians. Therefore, there are few (if any) recorded marriages at court houses. I never found one. As Europeans populated Georgia, they were ostracized if they took Indian wives. Those who did were traders and joined their wives on the Trail of Tears. This is why you cannot prove Cherokee ancestry!
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Bartow County Wills, Estates, Marriages, HomesteadsBartow County was formed in 1832 from the original Cherokee County. It was first called Cass County. The county seat is Cartersville.
Genealogy Records Available to Members of Georgia Pioneers
- Index to 1869 to 1876
- Index to 1874 to 1882
Online Images of Bartow County Wills 1836-1856Testators: Adair, Samuel;Alexander, Thomas;Bailey, Joshua;Baker, Charles;Bowman, Vincent;Brogden, Wiley;Carpenter, Thomas;Chandler, Abraham;Durham, William;Ellis, Standford;Furr, James;Gordon, William;Gray, William;Guyton, John;Harber, John;Hardin, John;Hardin, John, Sr.; Hargrove, Zachariah;Harris, Thomas;Harrison, Benoni;Hawks, Chester;Hipps, Joseph;Hood, Caleb;Jackson, James;Jackson, Mark;Johnson, Mark;Kerr, Lucy;Lackey, Robert;Lewis, John; Lyon, Nathaniel;McAdams, Thomas;McBrayer, Martin;McReynolds, Ferdinand;Millican, John; Moore, Gabriel;Murphey, Roger;Oglesby, Lindsay;Pinson, Charles;Reynolds, Benjamin;Robinson, Mary (deed);Russell, George;Smith, John;Smith, Nancy;Smith, Thomas Spencer, Levi;Spriggs, Gilead;Stallings, James;Steelman, William;Stevens, Thomas;Stidham, Martin;Stovall, James;Stovall, William;Talbert, James;Underwood, George;Upshaw, James;Upshaw, John;Wallraven, John;Williams, Margaret
Indexes of Probate Records
- Will Book A (1836-1885)
- Will Book B (1885-1922)
- Inventories, Appraisements, Distributions, Sale Bills, Vol. A (1853-1866)
- Inventories, Appraisements, Distributions, Sale Bills, Vol. B (1866-1895)
- Annual Returns, Guardians, Executors, Administrators, Book H (1853-1856
- Annual Returns, Guardians, Executors, Administrators, Book I (1856-1862(
- Annual Returns, Guardians, Executors, Administrators, Book K (1860-1863)
Index to Bartow County Annual Returns, Guardians, Executors, Administrators, Book M (1867-1870)
- Inventories, Appraisements, Distributions,Sale Bills, Vol. A (1853-1866)
- Homesteads (1874-1885)
Grisham, Joseph (LWT)
Traced Genealogies: Bartow County Families: Alfred; Bivins; Ryals