Jeannette Holland Austin
Volume No. 2 Issue No. 6 June 2006
Genealogy Research in 2006 to New Subscribers of www.georgiapioneers.com
On January 31,
1779, Lieutenant Colonel Archibald Campbell captured Augusta. For awhile, the British strategy in
the South appeared successful. Fourteen Hundred men rallied to sign up for the
royal militia in Augusta.
By mid-summer Governor Sir Hames Wright returned to
restore the province to the crown. The privilege exempted them from being
taxed. Georgia was the only one of
thirteen rebelling states to be restored to royal allegiance.
Smith had recently helped to construct Ft.
Kiokee in Columbia County when he volunteered as an
infantryman under Captain Hugh Middleton. As the British were preparing their
assault, Pvt. Smith skirmished with the British on Spirit Creek, about 10 miles
Among those who
rendezvoused on the Little River with Colonel Elijah Clarke was Pvt. Charles
Jordan;. Lieutenant Daniel Conner, serving under
Captain Micajah Williamson and Colonel Elijah Clarke,
was wounded in the right knee. Pvt. Samuel Whatley serving under Colonel Elijah
Clarke was shot in the left arm which resulted in loss of bone. He painful wound caused him to lose the use
of his hand. Even so, he fought in the battle of Long Cane on December 10, 1781
where he was again wounded and taken prisoner for four or five months. When he returned home he had wounds all over
him. His wife testified in his pension
application that he was loyal to the Whig cause and before he reached majority
was twice frozen, once hung, and shot twice in the defense of liberty.
John Sharpe, Pvt. Ezekiel Cloud, Pvt. William Evans of Colonel Marbury’s Regiment, Sgt. John Fluker
who’d fought at the first battle of Savannah under Captain Lachlan McIntosh and
Colonel Joseph Habersham; Pvt. Thomas Leverett who
had also protected the frontier; Pvt. Cornelius Whittington in Colonel
After the siege, Jonathan Jones rendevoused
with the troops on Little River in Wilkes
County. Pvt. Joel Darcey was
captured by the Tories when he was sent by Colonel John Twiggs to fetch some
ground corn and carried to Savannah
where he was kept as a prisoner from January to April of 1779 when he was
released. To avoid recapture, he
traveled by moonlight in the woods until he came to Hudson’s
Ferry on the Savannah River. He saw a man that he knew from Glynn County
who recognized him and told Captain Stephen Johnson. The starving soldier was ferried across the
river and fed. He rejoined Colonel Twiggs, Captain David Imanuel
and William Young and about 30 men mounted on horses, and headed to the Ogeechee River where they captured a British
store. Then, they retreated to Butler’s plantations,
taking prisoners with them. About 2:00
in the afternoon a force of about 39 men led by Captain Muller and Lieutenant
Swanton attacked the plantation.
received prisoners in Augusta. James Langham was
taken prisoner at Charleston
on May 12, 1780 where he remained for six months before making his escape.
However, he was recaptured by the tories and
delivered to the British in Augusta
where he remained six or eight months before escaping again and finding Colonel
Samuel Hammond where the following year he fought at the battle of Eutaw
Second Siege of Savannah: September 3,
scarcely had time to resume his political duties when a French fleet of
twenty-five ships suddenly appeared off the Georgia coast. The commander was Count Charles Henri
d’Estaing who planned to recapture Savannah
before returning to France.
His army of over 4,000 troops disembarked on the Vernon
River and proceeded to besiege Savannah. D’Estaing demanded the surrender of Savannah on September 16th,
but General Augustine Prevost asked for 24 hours before giving his answer. In the meanwhile, 800 redcoats were enroute from Beaufort,
South Carolina. After they arrived, Prevost declined to
October 9, 1779,
General Benjamin Lincoln joined the French allies, bringing his army from South Carolina to
assault the British lines on October 9, 1779. But they suffered heavy
casualties, while the British had few.
During the heat of the battle, Count Casimir
Pulaski, a Polish nobleman who’d volunteered to fight the cause of liberty,
died in front of the men he’d led. Also
dead was Sgt. William Jasper, the hero of the 1776 Battle of Ft. Moultrie. Thus, the battered French army withdrew its
ships and Lincoln’s troops returned to Charleston.
Digital Copies Project:
plans to digitize the oldest estate records.
This is a long term project and the goal is to locate originals and documents which were not filmed
during the 1950s. As we all know, Sherman
destroyed many of our earliest records.
However, ledgers are showing up in attics and antique shops! Luckily, the clerk of court sometimes took
the ledgers home to work on.
Glynn County Loose Original Wills
1809-1845 (digital images); Glynn County Wills & Appraisements 1856-1866;
McIntosh County Wills 1845-1915 (digital images); McIntosh County Estates
1887-1914 (digital images)
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…..Jeannette Holland Austin”